Facts about Brazil

Rio de Janeiro in Brazil

1. Name: Brazil’s name comes from the tree species ‘Brazil tree’ (Caesalpinia echinata). The country’s official name is the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil)

2. Choices: Voting is compulsory in Brazil – i.e. it is illegal not to vote in an election. The rule applies to citizens between the ages of 18 and 70 and you can apply for an exemption at the local polling station or post office

3. Ethanol: Brazil is the first country in the world to successfully introduce environmentally friendly, sustainable biofuels that can serve as an alternative to gasoline. In Brazil, around 25% of all gasoline has been replaced with ethanol from sugarcane

4. Flag: The Brazilian flag (Bandeira do Brasil) dates back to 1889 and contains 27 stars representing the country’s 26 states. The last star stands for Brazil’s land holdings

5. Motto: Brazil’s motto – which is also written on the Brazilian flag – is ‘Ordem e Progresso’, which means: “Order and Progress”

Fact: Brazil's flag is green, yellow and blue, and contains 27 stars plus Brazil's motto
Attribution: Anomie – Wikipedia.org

Fact: The 27 stars on the Brazilian flag represent the 26 states plus the other Brazilian possessions. Brazil’s motto: “Order and Progress” is also listed

 

6. Brasilia: The capital city of Brasilia was designed by one of the world’s best architects; Brazilian Oscar Niemeyer

7. Marriage: Same-sex marriage (gay marriage) has been allowed in Brazil since 2013

8. Voting rights: Brazilian women gained the right to vote in 1932

9. Original population: Brazil has 225 groups of indigenous Indians. 170 of these live in the Amazon

10. Famous Brazilians: Brazilians have the most stars in football and fashion. World-famous Brazilians include footballers Ronaldo, Ronaldinho, Pelé and Kaká, as well as models Gisele Bündchen, Adriana Lima and Alessandra Ambrosio

You can also read interesting facts about Rio de Janeiro here.

Fact: Most celebrities from Brazil are from the world of fashion and football
Attribution: Antônio Cruz + Photobra Adam Bielawski – Wikipedia.org | Fotos GOVBA + Tiago Chediak – Flickr.com

Fact: Most international celebrities from Brazil come from the world of football and fashion. Pictured here (from top left to right): Ronaldo, Ronaldiho, Gisele Bündchen and Adriana Lima

 

Brazilian records

  • Size: Brazil is the 5th largest country in the world; both in terms of area and population size
  • Christians: Brazil has the second highest Christian population in the world (only surpassed by the US)
  • The world’s widest road: Brazil’s capital city of Brasilia is rumored to be home to “the world’s widest road, where 160 cars can drive side by side”. However, this is not true, as the road in question – Eixo Monumental – consists of two avenues with six lanes on each side
  • Airports: With 4,093 airports, Brazil has the second highest number of airports in the world (only surpassed by the USA with 13,513!)
  • Hydropower: Brazil is one of the world’s largest producers of hydropower
  • Gemstones: Brazil is the world’s leading producer of gemstones (although production of individual gemstones may be higher in other countries, such as Russia, which produces the most diamonds)
  • World Cup in football: Brazil is the country that has won the most World Cups in football. They have won 5 times! (in the years: 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002)
  • The death penalty: Brazil was one of the first countries in the world to abolish the death penalty. The last death penalty in Brazil, according to official records, was a man named Pereira de Sousa, who was executed by hanging on October 30, 1861. However, it wasn’t until 1889 that the death penalty was abolished for all crimes (with the exception of certain war crimes during wartime, as in many other countries)
  • Languages: Brazil is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world. Portuguese is the official language and is spoken by more than 99% of the population. However, the dialect is different from that spoken in Portugal, for example. Before Brazil was colonized, the most widely spoken language was Tupi (or Tupinambá). Many of the original indigenous languages are still spoken (around 180), but only by very small minorities. In recent years, Spanish, German, Italian, English, Japanese, Chinese and Korean have become more common as foreigners have settled in Brazil and continue to speak their native languages. In total, 210 languages are spoken in Brazil
Fact: Football is a big sport in Brazil
Attribution: Hanumann + Thomás + gnews pics + Peter Fuchs – Wikipedia.org

Fact: Brazil’s national sport is football – and they have won the World Cup 5 times! (in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002)

 

Facts about the Amazon

  • Amazon: The name ‘Amazonas’ can refer to both the Amazon River and the Amazon Rainforest. The name comes from the European explorers who were shot at by arrows from blowpipes from the native Indians. When the explorers saw that the Indians were wearing bast skirts, they assumed they must be Amazons – female warriors who lived in the far reaches of the world (the crew knew about the Amazons from Greek mythology)
  • The Amazon River: The Amazon River is generally considered the second longest river in the world (second only to the Nile) and has more than 200 tributaries, which together cover approximately 7 million km2 of water. In terms of volume, this makes the Amazon the world’s largest river
  • The Amazon rainforest: Brazil has the largest area of rainforest in the world, covering 480 million hectares. In second place is Congo with 234 million hectares
Fact: Amazonas is the name of the river as well as the rainforest in Brazil
Attribution: CIAT International Center for Tropical Agriculture + marek.krzystkiewicz + Nao Iizuka – Flickr.com

Fact: The name ‘Amazonas’ can refer to both the Amazon River and the Amazon Rainforest

Geographic facts

  • Location: The eastern part of South America. The coastline is towards the Atlantic Ocean
  • Country borders: Argentina (1,261 km), Bolivia (3,423 km), Colombia (1,644 km), French Guiana (730 km), Guyana (1,606 km), Paraguay (1,365 km), Peru (2,995 km), Suriname (593 km), Uruguay (1,068 km) and Venezuela (2,200 km)
  • Coastline: 7,491 km
  • Climate: Mostly tropical, but temperate in the south
  • Landscape: Mainly flat or hilly lowlands in the north. Some plains, hills and mountains. Narrow coastal belt
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Atlantic Ocean)
  • Highest point: 2,994 m (Pico da Neblina)
  • Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum and other rare elements. Also timber and hydropower
  • Largest city: Sao Paulo (Brazil has 13 cities with more than 1 million inhabitants)
  • Capital city: Brasilia
  • Total area (square kilometers): 8.515.770,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 8.385.496,48 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 45.853,34 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 2.393.695,61 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 28,64 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 59,27 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 558,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 1,94 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 2,14 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 25,64 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 22.619.736,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 0,46 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 87,56 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 0,73 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 12,45 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -1,43 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: Brazilian society is a mix of many different nationalities. Originally it was mainly indigenous Indians mixed with Portuguese (colonists) and Africans (slaves), but later also Europeans, Arabs and Japanese.
  • Sprog: Over 99% of the population in Brazil speaks Portuguese, which is also the official language. Other languages include Spanish (especially around the borders with other South American countries), German, Italian, Japanese, English and indigenous Amerindian languages
  • Religioner: 73.6% Roman Catholic, 15.4% Protestant, 1.3% Spiritualist, 0.3% Bantu/Voodoo, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2% and 7.4% none
  • Net immigration: 12,90 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,64 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 12,88 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 18,00 (1996)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 8,33 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 76,01 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 69,56 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 72,75 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 98,89 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 16,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 121,24 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 217,71 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 10,90 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): 67,87 (2022)
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 41,00 (2022)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 1,20 (2022)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 9,23 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 108.695.239,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 46,16 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 74,02 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 215.313.498,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 32,80 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 103,47 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 20,74 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 20,98 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 956.435,74 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 2.442.301.896.749,01 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 2.611,00 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 80,53 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 80,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 12,80 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 7,67 (2019)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,32 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 2,73 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 6.000,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 361,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 32.622,00 (2007)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 6.353.000,00 (2019)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 10.628.000,00 (2018)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 32.622,00 (2007)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 16.486,36 (2019)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 2,09 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 3,00 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 405.049,00 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 5,51 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 204,48 (2022)

Facts Brazil's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 12,00 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 59,08 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 1.920.095.779.022,73 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 2,90 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 8.917,67 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 3.838.531.755.776,88 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 1.859.747.248.725,30 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 10,77 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 9,28 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 20,70 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 204,48 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 2,68 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 11,12 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 213.557.365.108,63 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 39,53 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 4,91 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 113,77 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 39,40 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 2,96 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 15,95 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 39,40 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 112,15 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 762.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 334.136.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 292.245.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 10,77 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 397.414.160.597,37 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 1,05 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 20.210.787.436,80 (2022)