Facts about Greece

Santorini in Greece
  1. Lust: Greece is one of the countries where people have intercourse most often. On average, they are said to have intercourse 164 times a year. This means that they have intimate intercourse almost every other day of the year.
  2. Greetings: In Greece, it’s considered an insult to wave to people with an open hand, as the rest of us are used to. Down there, two clasped hands are clasped together in greeting. Furthermore, it’s also quite normal for Greeks to spit at you after you’ve paid them a compliment. It’s actually to protect you.
  3. Family: We Danes are in a hurry to leave home and live on our own. In Greece, there are actually not many nursing homes. You are expected to keep your elderly loved ones at home until they die. Young people also live at home until they get married.
  4. Birthday: It’s actually not a big deal to be celebrated on your birthday. However, it’s a bigger deal to mark when your name day comes around. It’s the day you share with a saint of the same name.
  5. Contrast: Considering that major inventions such as Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, mathematical principles and more have their origins in Ancient Greece – then considered arguably the world’s most culturally advanced society – the country has been a shadow of its former self for the past several years, with high unemployment and the need for economic bailouts.
  6. Tourism: If you haven’t been on vacation in Greece, you probably know someone who has. In fact, Greece is such a popular tourist destination that every year twice as many tourists visit the country as there are people living in Greece.
  7. Democracy: The ancient Greeks were distinguished by many unique discoveries and inventions. Among them is democracy. In fact, their ancient principle of democracy forms the basis for the modern form of democracy used in many other countries today.
  8. Voting rights: Although Greece laid the foundations for modern democracy, they are perhaps a little too concerned that its principles are also applied in the country itself. Therefore, it’s not so much a right to vote as a duty to vote in the country. By law, all citizens over the age of 18 must vote in elections.
  9. Islands: If you’ve spotted a map of Greece, you’ll probably notice that there are a relatively large number of islands in the country. In fact, there are more than 2000 of them, but only 170 of them are inhabited by people. In comparison, 40 % of the country’s inhabitants live in the capital, Athens.
  10. Water: In Denmark, we have many islands and a long coastline of 8,750 kilometers. But it pales in comparison to Greece’s, which is almost 14,500 kilometers.

Islands in Greece

Fact: Although there are more than 2000 islands in Greece, only 170 of them are inhabited

Geographic facts

  • Location: Southern Europe; bordering the Aegean, Ionian and Mediterranean Seas, between Albania and Turkey
  • Country borders: Albania 212 km, Bulgaria 472 km, Macedonia 234 km, Turkey 192 km
  • Coastline: 13,676 km
  • Climate: Temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers
  • Landscape: Mountainous with areas that extend into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands
  • Lowest point: Mediterranean Sea: 0 m
  • Highest point: Mount Olympus: 2,917 m
  • Natural resources: Lignite, crude oil, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
  • Largest city: Athens
  • Capital city: Athens
  • Total area (square kilometers): 131.960,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 128.795,91 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 2.748,66 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 58.671,88 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 45,52 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 30,27 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 72,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 4,77 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 82,00 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 3.153.781,00 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): -1,36 (2022)
  • Population, total: 10.426.919,00 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): -0,96 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 62,88 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 19,64 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -2,97 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 91.6% Greek, 4.4% Albanian, 4% other
  • Sprog: 99% Greek (the official language), 1% other (includes English and French)
  • Religioner: 81-90% Greek Orthodox (official religion), 2% Muslim, 3% other, 4-15% none, 1% unspecified
  • Net immigration: 5.000,00 (2022)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,39 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 8,00 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 7,12 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 13,50 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 83,00 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 77,50 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 80,18 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 8,30 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 46,85 (2021)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 103,66 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 1,90 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 3,30 (2021)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 25,20 (2020)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 2,40 (2020)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 12,43 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 4.651.589,00 (2022)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 28,29 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 59,67 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 18,80 (2021)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 6,30 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 98,64 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 80,36 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 11,35 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 93,91 (2009)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 225.385.935.817,29 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 5.062,61 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 83,17 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 109,06 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 33,50 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 31,37 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 7,09 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 12.047,00 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 1,76 (2020)
  • Listed companies, total: 154,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 2.339,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 7.406.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 2.324.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 2.339,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 653,00 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,20 (2018)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 8,40 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3,70 (2019)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 6,31 (2020)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 111,74 (2022)

Facts Greece's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 68,42 (2019)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 217.581.324.512,06 (2022)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 5,56 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 20.867,27 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 386.579.194.138,65 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 215.323.644.043,48 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 5,29 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 8,43 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 28,30 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 36.603.409.386,55 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 111,74 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 108,00 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 57.392.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 97.696.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 16,67 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 10,48 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 94,99 (2021)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 97,23 (2021)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 10,24 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 16,82 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 9,11 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 19.819.214.649,41 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 147.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 3,69 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 8.104.853.298,78 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 8,43 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 9,65 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 0,16 (2017)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 31,42 (2021)