Facts about Tanzania

Facts about Tanzania

1. Wild animals: Tanzania has the highest concentration of wildlife per km2 in the world. It is estimated that there are around 4 million wild animals in Tanzania

2. The Palm Thief: The Tanzanian island of Zanzibar is home to the Palm Thief (Birgus latro), a large hermit crab that feeds on coconuts. The crab cuts the coconuts from the trees and eats them after they have decomposed in its burrow. The palm thief can grow up to 1 meter long and weigh up to 4.1 kg – making it the world’s largest terrestrial arthropod

3. Kilimanjaro: Africa’s highest mountain, Kilimanjaro, is located in Tanzania close to the border with Kenya. At 5,895 meters, Kilimanjaro is also the world’s highest free-standing mountain

4. National anthem: Tanzania has the same national anthem as South Africa. The song is called “Mungu Ibariki Afrika” (God Bless Africa) and was composed by Enock Sontonga in 1897

5. Dygong: Dygongs (Dugong dugon) belong to the order of manatees and large marine mammals that live in the warm coastal waters from the western Pacific Ocean to the east coast of Africa. Dugongs can grow to just over 4 meters long and weigh up to around 1 ton. The reason they are also called ‘manatees’ is because they feed primarily on seagrass. Dygongs have long lived off the coast of Tanzania, but are now extremely endangered here as well as elsewhere

Fact: The Dygong is a large manatee that lives off the coast of Tanzania
Attribution: Julien Willem – Wikipedia.org | Christian Haugen – Flickr.com

Fact: Dygong is a large marine mammal that lives off the coast of Tanzania and is currently endangered. Dygongs belong to the manatee family and feed primarily on seagrass

 

6. Weather and climate: The climate in Tanzania is tropical along the coasts, on Zanzibar and in the Selous Game Reserve. In the highlands and other game reserves, the climate is temperate. The weather is generally as follows: Hot and dry from mid-December to March. Wet and humid from the end of March to the end of May. Hot and dry from June to the end of October. Warm and wet from November to mid-December

7. Languages: There are over 120 languages spoken in Tanzania. Most of these are Bantu languages, of which there are between 250 and 535 – the number depends on how you define languages and dialects. Kiswahili (the same as Swahili) and English are the 2 official languages. However, English is the standard language of business, administration and higher education. In addition, Arabic is also spoken (especially in Zanzibar) as well as many local languages

8. Kiswahili: Kiswahili is the native language of Bantu people living on Zanzibar or in the coastal area close to the island. Although Kiswahili is Bantu in structure and origin, many Arabic and English words are mixed into the language. Kiswahili has also become the lingua franca of Central and East Africa. The mother tongue for many Tanzanians is one of the many local languages

9. The world’s most expensive hardwood: African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) – also known as Grenadilla or Mpingo – is the world’s most expensive hardwood and is found in several African countries, but especially in Tanzania. African blackwood is mainly used for clarinets, but because the wood is now endangered, several organizations are fighting to preserve it, making it harder for clarinet makers to access the wood. In the past, African blackwood was considered to be the same as ebony

10. History: Tanzania was originally part of German East Africa, but became a British mandate immediately after World War 1. Tanzania gained independence from Britain in 1961 and its first president, Julius Nyerere, in 1962. From the late 1970s, Tanzania’s economy began to deteriorate significantly. In the mid-1980s, the country began borrowing money from the International Monetary Fund and underwent a series of reforms that have significantly improved the economy

The palm thief is a large hermit crab that lives on the Tanzanian island of Zanzibar
Attribution: TKnoxB + USFWS Headquarters – Flickr.com | Brocken Inaglory – Wikipedia.org

The palm thief is a huge hermit crab that lives on the island of Zanzibar off the coast of Tanzania. The palm thief climbs trees to cut coconuts with its claws; the crayfish feeds on coconuts. Once a coconut has fallen to the ground, the crayfish pulls the nut into its burrow. The moist environment of the burrow helps the coconut to rot quickly, which is necessary for the palm thief to consume it

Geographic facts

  • Location: East Africa. Between Kenya and Mozambique with coastline towards the Indian Ocean
  • Country borders: Burundi (451 km), den Demokratiske Republik Congo (459 km), Kenya (769 km), Malawi (475 km), Mozambique (756 km), Rwanda (217 km), Uganda (396 km), Zambia (338 km)
  • Coastline: 1,424 km
  • Climate: Varies from tropical along the coasts to temperate in the highlands
  • Landscape: Coastal plains, central plateau, highlands in the north and south
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Indian Ocean)
  • Highest point: 5,895 m (Kilimanjaro)
  • Natural resources: Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas and nickel
  • Largest city: Dar es Salaam
  • Capital city: Dodoma
  • Total area (square kilometers): 947.300,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 880.726,40 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 5.282,87 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 395.212,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 44,62 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 51,11 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 644,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 0,23 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 0,05 (2018)
  • Population of largest city: 71,79 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 7.775.865,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 2,96 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 36,68 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 4,96 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 63,32 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 1,82 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: On the mainland: 99% African (of which 95% are Bantu, made up of more than 130 tribes), 1% other (Asians, Europeans and Arabs). On Zanzibar: Arabs and Africans and mixtures of the two
  • Sprog: Kiswahili/Swahili (official language), Kiunguja (the name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official language and the primary language of commerce, administration and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar). In addition, many local languages
  • Religioner: On the mainland: 30% Christian, 35% Muslim and 35% indigenous faiths. On Zanzibar: More than 99% Muslim
  • Net immigration: 30,00 (2022)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 4,66 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 35,81 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 26,40 (2017)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 5,96 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 68,93 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 64,72 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 66,78 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 91,90 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 31,10 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 185,27 (2022)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 245,88 (2022)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 6,60 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): 14,42 (2022)
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 33,10 (2018)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 2,90 (2018)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 2,78 (2020)
  • Labor force, total: 31.219.073,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 35,38 (2020)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 21,67 (2020)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 65.497.748,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 58,70 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 95,50 (2022)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 3,86 (2020)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 14,35 (2020)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 491.027,56 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 145.560.957.136,03 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 101,94 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 31,63 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 41,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 8,70 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 10,36 (2019)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 1,66 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,18 (2018)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -39.997,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 22,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 2.701,00 (2017)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 1.527.000,00 (2019)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 148.000,00 (1996)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 2.701,00 (2017)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 475,00 (2006)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,70 (2010)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 2,00 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 5.276,00 (2018)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,55 (2018)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 209,48 (2022)

Facts Tanzania's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 6,68 (2020)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 54,46 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 75.732.311.666,04 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 4,56 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 1.192,77 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 238.153.954.041,91 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 74.440.400.993,15 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 5,14 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 4,35 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 27,70 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 209,48 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 40,64 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 8,19 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 6.200.334.557,31 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 28,94 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 7,21 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 109,90 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 17,50 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 4,54 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 36,43 (2020)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 16,68 (2020)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 145,47 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 28.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 6.825.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 14.219.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 5,14 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 20.976.774.369,57 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 1,09 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 832.234.478,72 (2022)