Du er på den danske version
Svensk version

Fakta om Rusland

  1. Håndtryk: Russere giver aldrig hinanden et håndtryk i en dørkarm, fordi de tror på, at det vil føre til uenigheder eller skænderier
  2. 12 dage for sent: I 1908 kom det olympiske hold fra Rusland 12 dage for sent til OL, fordi de endnu ikke anvendte den gregorianske kalender (de brugte den julianske kalender)
  3. Rusland vs. Pluto: Rusland er større end planeten Pluto. Ruslands areal er 17.075.200 km2, mens Plutos er 16.647.940 km2. Arealet svarer ca. til 3,3% af Jordens samlede overfladeareal. Rusland er i øvrigt verdens største land
  4. Kønsratio: I Rusland er der ca. 20 mio. flere kvinder end mænd, hvilket bl.a. hænger sammen med, at Rusland har en af verdens højeste forskelle i kønsratio (0,86 mænd pr. kvinde). Andre lande med markant flere kvinder end mænd, inkluderer: Nordmarianerne (0,76), Estland (0,84), Letland (0,86), Ukraine (0,86), Djibouti (0,86), Litauen (0,89) og Armenien (0,89)
  5. LGBT: Siden 2013 har det været ulovligt at fortælle børn i Rusland, at homoseksuelle mennesker eksisterer. Herudover har LGBT generelt en del sociale, politiske og kulturelle udfordringer i Rusland
  6. Feodor Vassilyev: En russisk bonde ved navn Feodor Vassilyev fik 69 børn med sin første kone: 16 tvillingepar, 7 sæt trillinger og 4 sæt firlinger i perioden år 1725 – 1765. Han fik desuden 18 børn med sin anden kone: 6 tvillingepar og 2 sæt trillinger hvilket gjorde ham far til 87 børn i alt. Af disse siges det, at 82 overlevede som spæde. Om rekorden er sand eller ej, er af gode grunde svært at finde ud af i dag, men den er medtaget i Guiness Rekordbog
  7. Verdens ældste plante: I 2012 lykkedes det en gruppe russiske forskere at få frø fra en 32.000 år gammel plante til at vokse. Planten, Smalbladet Limurt (lat. Silene stenophylla), er derfor nu verdens ældste regenererede plante. Frøene blev fundet i et egernhul i Siberien og var bevaret takket være egernhullets polstring med hø og pels samt permafrost
  8. Alkohol: Over 500.000 mennesker dør af alkoholrelaterede årsager hvert år i Rusland
  9. Tamme ræve: Russiske forskere har siden 1959 eksperimenteret med et specielt avlsprogram, hvor det er lykkedes dem at tæmme sølvræve på nogenlunde samme måde som hunde
  10. 82 km fra Nordamerika: Rusland og Nordamerika er kun 82 km fra hinanden på det tætteste punkter. Helt konkret er der tale om Beringsstrædet; hvor Asiens østligste punkt (Cape Dezhnev, Rusland) er 82 km fra Nordamerikas vestligste punkt (Cape Prince of Wales, Alaska)

Fakta: Klimaet og vejret i Rusland varierer meget alt efter hvor man er

 

Attribution: petukhov.anton + Daniel Beilinson – Flickr.com

 

Fakta: Klimaet og vejret varierer meget alt efter hvor man befinder sig i Rusland. Dette skyldes naturligvis landets enorme størrelse, men også dets geografi

Geografiske fakta

  • Agricultural land (sq. km): 85327.001953125 (2016)
  • Agricultural land (% of land area): 42.035489126994 (2016)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 6.1337075676412 (2016)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 42.630106496824 (2016)
  • Plant species (higher), threatened: 1 (2018)
  • Rural land area (sq. km): 198055.7813 (2010)
  • Surface area (sq. km): 207600 (2018)
  • Urban land area (sq. km): 7783.031738 (2010)

Demografiske fakta

  • Armed forces personnel, total: 155000 (2017)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people): 9.9 (2018)
  • Electric power consumption (kWh per capita): 3679.9788400689 (2014)
  • Employers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate): 0.88499999046326 (2019)
  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1.448 (2018)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 14.878807575594 (2018)
  • Food imports (% of merchandise imports): 10.150763431859 (2018)
  • Food production index (2004-2006 = 100): 133.94 (2016)
  • Households and NPISHs Final consumption expenditure, PPP (current international $): 110991543460.49 (2019)
  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 people): 11 (2013)
  • Income share held by highest 10%: 21.4 (2018)
  • Income share held by lowest 10%: 4.3 (2018)
  • Individuals using the Internet (% of population): 79.129886691931 (2018)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 11501600 (2018)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 836000 (2018)
  • Labor force, total: 5036882 (2019)
  • Life expectancy at birth, female (years): 79.4 (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth, male (years): 69.2 (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth, total (years): 74.175609756098 (2018)
  • Listed domestic companies, total: 55 (2016)
  • Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above): 99.75656 (2018)
  • Mammal species, threatened: 4 (2018)
  • Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people): 122.92522800829 (2018)
  • Mortality caused by road traffic injury (per 100,000 people): 8.9 (2016)
  • Suicide mortality rate, female (per 100,000 female population): 8.2 (2016)
  • Suicide mortality rate, male (per 100,000 male population): 46.9 (2016)
  • Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 2.6 (2018)
  • Net migration: 43648 (2017)
  • New business density (new registrations per 1,000 people ages 15-64): 1.3431176106339 (2018)
  • New businesses registered (number): 8700 (2018)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people): 11.0027 (2015)
  • Physicians (per 1,000 people): 5.1905 (2015)
  • Population density (people per sq. km of land area): 46.71950378842 (2018)
  • Population in largest city: 2016677 (2019)
  • Population growth (annual %): -0.17564846968796 (2019)
  • Population, total: 9466856 (2019)
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population): 5.6 (2018)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49): 0.5 (2018)
  • Rail lines (total route-km): 5459 (2018)
  • Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km): 6215.3 (2018)
  • Rural population (% of total population): 20.956 (2019)
  • Rural population growth (annual %): -2.2956215060302 (2019)
  • School enrollment, primary (% gross): 100.50021 (2018)
  • Share of youth not in education, employment or training, total (% of youth population): 12.079999923706 (2009)
  • Smoking prevalence, total (ages 15+): 26.7 (2016)
  • Total alcohol consumption per capita (liters of pure alcohol, projected estimates, 15+ years of age): 11.2 (2016)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force) (national estimate): 4.7600002288818 (2018)
  • Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate): 10.64999961853 (2018)
  • Urban population (% of total population): 79.044 (2019)
  • Urban population growth (annual %): 0.39401416940369 (2019)
  • Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate): 95.828002929688 (2019)

Rusland's økonomi

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 5.9257857501507 (2017)
  • Deposit interest rate (%): 6.5075 (2019)
  • Ease of doing business score (0 = lowest performance to 100 = best performance): 74.29113 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$): 63080457022.66 (2019)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 1.2220966286256 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (current US$): 6663.2952928258 (2019)
  • GDP, PPP (current international $): 188800278484.09 (2019)
  • GNI (current US$): 61171322162.731 (2019)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 1.7978732603661 (2019)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 27.702433223672 (2019)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 31.296300085562 (2019)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (current US$): 19741849125.155 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 5.5981559503985 (2019)
  • Labor tax and contributions (% of commercial profits): 39 (2019)
  • Lending interest rate (%): 9.0233333333333 (2019)
  • Livestock production index (2004-2006 = 100): 147.85 (2016)
  • Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP): 21.319316083082 (2019)
  • Manufacturing, value added (current US$): 13448322019.313 (2019)
  • Merchandise exports (current US$): 32930000000 (2019)
  • Merchandise imports (current US$): 39342000000 (2019)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 1.2654471721215 (2018)
  • Military expenditure (current USD): 715166688.68971 (2018)
  • Net ODA received per capita (current US$): 12.338273261402 (2018)
  • Social contributions (% of revenue): 31.126387155883 (2018)
  • Trade (% of GDP): 133.34598947948 (2019)

Relaterede artikler

Kilder og yderligere viden om emnet

wikipedia.org

Sidst opdateret af redaktionen den 03. juni 2020