Facts about Iran

Facts about Iran

1. Name: The official name of Iran is the Islamic Republic of Iran. The country became an Islamic republic when the royal regime was overthrown in 1979 and replaced by a clerical regime (the Iranian Revolution) under Ayatollah Khomeini

2. The origin of the name: The name ‘Iran’ means ‘Land of the Aryans’ in Persian. Throughout history, Iran has often been called ‘Persia’, which derives from the Greek historians’ term ‘Persis’

3. Internet: In 2012, Iran’s police chief announced that Google was a spying tool. In addition, the Iranian government wants to create a ‘national internet’ that is under state control

4. Air pollution: Iran’s capital, Tehran, is one of the world’s most air-polluted cities. It is estimated that around 27 people die every day from diseases related to air pollution

5. Export goods: Iran is one of the world’s largest producers of caviar, pistachios and saffron. Caviar production originates from sturgeon in the Caspian Sea, where Iran controls 50% of the caviar market

Fact: There is high air pollution in Tehran (the capital of Iran)
Attribution: Giorgio Montersino – Flickr.com

Fact: Air pollution in Iran’s capital, Tehran, causes around 27 deaths daily

 

6. Oil: The Persian Gulf – or Persian Gulf as it is also known – contains 60% of the world’s oil reserves. Iran owns approximately 10% of these reserves and pumps approximately 4 million barrels of oil every day

7. Carpets: Iranian carpets are world-renowned for their quality and carpets are Iran’s second most exported commodity (after oil). Rugs have been woven in Iran for more than 2,500 years and weavers typically make a small mistake on purpose in each rug because “only God is perfect”

8. Paleolithic: The earliest archaeological finds in Iran indicate that humans have been present in the area since the earliest Stone Age (Paleolithic 2.5 million years ago until about 300,000 years ago). It is also known that agricultural societies began to flourish in Iran around 8,000 BC.

9. History: In 1953, the CIA was involved in a covert operation called ‘Operation Ajax’, where the US and UK removed the democratically elected Prime Minister Mohammed Masaddegh from power. This plot allowed the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to become the sole ruler of the country. In 1979, the Shah was overthrown and replaced by a clerical regime (the Iranian Revolution) under Ayatollah Khomeini, who remains in power today

10. Irangate/Iran-Contra: During the Iran-Iraq war in 1980-1988, the US officially supported Iraq but put pressure on other countries to stop selling arms to Iran. However, it was later discovered that the US itself had been secretly selling weapons to Iran. This affair became known as the Irangate or Iran-Contra scandal

Fact: Iran has 2 kinds of deserts
Attribution: Hamed Saber – Flickr.com

Haft Sîn – or the 7 “S’s” – is an Iranian New Year tradition of having 7 objects that all start with the letter ‘S’ in the Persian alphabet. The objects symbolize 7 creations that are protected by holy immortals. Each family tries to create the most beautiful Haft Sîn table possible

Geographic facts

  • Location: Middle East. Between Iraq and Pakistan with coastlines facing the Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea
  • Country borders: Afghanistan (935 km), Armenia (35 km), Azerbaijan (432 km), Nakhichevan [exclave of Azerbaijan] (179 km), Iraq (1,458 km), Pakistan (909 km), Turkey (499 km) and Turkmenistan (992 km)
  • Coastline: 2,440 km (spread across the Persian Gulf, Gulf of Oman and Caspian Sea)
  • Climate: Mostly arid and semi-arid. Subtropical along the coast to the Caspian Sea
  • Landscape: Stejle bjergkæder, der adskiller de forskellige plateauer. Et højt centralt bassin med ørkener, bjerge og små usammenhængende sletter langs begge kyster
  • Lowest point: -28 m (Caspian Sea)
  • Highest point: 5,671 m (Kuh-e Damavand)
  • Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc and sulfur
  • Largest city: Teheran
  • Capital city: Teheran
  • Total area (square kilometers): 1.745.150,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 1.601.053,35 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 16.217,10 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 470.670,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 29,01 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 6,64 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 7,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 7,06 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 1,51 (2018)
  • Population of largest city: 54,19 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 9.499.781,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 0,71 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 1,31 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 57,53 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 23,19 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -1,26 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 61% Persians, 16% Azerbaijanis, 10% Kurds, 6% Lurks, 2% Baluch, 2% Arabs, Turkmen and Turkic peoples 2, 1% others
  • Sprog: Persian (the official language) 53%, Turkish dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilani and Mazeni 7%, Luri 6% and Baluchi 2%
  • Religioner: 99.4% Muslim [Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%] (the official religion), 0.3% other (includes Zarathustrian, Jews and Christians), 0.4% unspecified
  • Net immigration: 10,90 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,69 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 13,70 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 0,70 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 6,44 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 76,81 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 71,25 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 73,88 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 164,50 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 21,50 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 78,88 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 151,24 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 7,70 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 26,80 (2022)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 2,80 (2022)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 9,09 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 29.158.831,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 42,23 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 37,26 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 88.550.570,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 40,80 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 104,48 (2020)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 76,81 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 26,94 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 282.952,19 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 911.875.207.898,01 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 2.927,79 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 78,60 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 18,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 13,60 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 22,63 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 3,05 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,63 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -39.998,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 546,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 9.455,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 1.550.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 1.550.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 9.455,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 11.231,00 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,56 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 2,80 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 36.158,00 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,98 (2018)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 1.480,31 (2022)

Facts Iran's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 12,80 (2016)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 58,55 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 413.493.207.349,27 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 3,78 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 4.669,57 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 1.617.097.090.429,98 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 412.878.766.372,35 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 22,07 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 43,49 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 39,86 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 1.480,31 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 3,27 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 19,99 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 82.660.486.128,44 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 7,65 (2021)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 30,93 (2021)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 83,89 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 25,90 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 3,66 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 37,94 (2000)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 18,00 (2016)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 99,85 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 650.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 77.200.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 55.446.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 22,07 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 164.800.583.198,07 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 2,59 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 6.846.596.650,50 (2022)