Facts about Burkina Faso

Facts about Burkina Faso

1. Place names: Burkina Faso is home to some quirky place names – including: Ouagadougou, Gorom-Gorom, Bobo-Dioulasso, Bouroum-Bouroum, Fada N’Gourma, Tin-Akof, Ouahigouya, Niangoloko and Rambo

2. Meanings of names: The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou, which is spelled ‘Wogodogo’ in Mòoré (the country’s most spoken language) and literally means “you are welcome here with us”. The name ‘Burkina Faso’ means “Land of Honorable Men” and the Burkinabe are also known to be some of the most honest men in Africa

3. Historical names: Burkina Faso was formerly called French Upper Volta (1919 – 1958) and later the Republic of Upper Volta (1958 – 1984) due to its location north of the Volta River, which flows into Ghana (south of Burkina Faso). In 1984, the country changed its name to Burkina Faso under Marxist revolutionary president Thomas Sankara

4. Drought: Burkina Faso is relatively often hit by long periods of drought. The worst were in 1980, 1988, 1990 and 1995. In addition, the country is also occasionally hit by epidemics and floods

5. Fertility: With an average of 6 children per woman, the population of Burkina Faso has one of the highest fertility rates in the world

Fact: 4/5 of the population in Burkina Faso rely on subsistence farming
Attribution: TREEAID – Flickr.com

Fact: 80% of the population in Burkina Faso relies on subsistence agriculture (i.e. self-sufficient farming). Cotton is the most important agricultural export

 

6. Languages: Due to the fact that Burkina Faso is a former French colony, the country’s official language today is French. In addition, the following languages are spoken: Mòoré, Fulani, Lobi, Bobo, Mandé, Senufo, Gurunsi, Gurma and Tuareg. Most of these languages belong to the Sudanese language family

7. Population: The largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso is the Mossi, who make up more than 40% of the country’s population (approximately 6.2 million people). The rest of Burkina Faso’s population is made up of more than 60 different ethnic groups – notably the Gurunsi, Senufo, Lobi, Bobo and Fulani

8. Poverty: Burkina Faso is one of the poorest countries in the world, with a GDP per capita of USD 1,500. UN Human Development Index Burkina Faso is one of the last countries

9. Export goods: The two main export commodities in Burkina Faso are gold and cotton (Burkina Faso is Africa’s largest producer of cotton). Around 80% of the population rely on subsistence farming – i.e. self-sufficient farming where the farmer only produces enough food for his own family and possibly a few others in the local area

10. Low urbanization: Burkina Faso has one of the least urbanized societies in Africa, with the vast majority of the population still living in rural areas. The 5 largest cities and their populations are: Ouagadougou (1,181,702), Bobo Dioulasso (435,543), Koudougou (82,720), Banfora (72,144), Ouahigouya (70,957)

Fact: Burkina Faso is often hit by natural disasters such as droughts and floods
Attribution: TREEAID + Jeff Attaway – Flickr.com

Fact: Droughts and floods have hit Burkina Faso relatively often over the past 20 years

Geographic facts

  • Location: West Africa. North of Ghana
  • Country borders: Benin (306 km), Ivory Coast (584 km), Ghana (549 km), Mali (1,000 km), Niger (628 km) and Togo (126 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Tropical. Warm, dry winters and hot, wet summers
  • Landscape: Burkina Faso lies on a large plateau that rises slightly to the south. The country is crossed by three main rivers: the Black Volta (Mouhoun), the Red Volta (Nazinon) and the White Volta (Nakambé). There are high hills in the west and southeast
  • Lowest point: 200 m (Mouhoun)
  • Highest point: 749 m (Tena Kourou)
  • Natural resources: cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice and livestock
  • Largest city: Ouagadougou
  • Capital city: Ouagadougou
  • Total area (square kilometers): 274.220,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 273.918,35 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 1.599,30 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 127.400,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 46,56 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 22,54 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 4,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 0,25 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 2,52 (2023)
  • Population of largest city: 23.251.485,00 (2023)
  • Population growth (annual %): 43,20 (2021)
  • Population, total: 0,60 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 4,51 (2023)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 14,38 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 1,57 (2023)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 82,36 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: Over 40% mossi, 60% others (gurunsi, senufo, lobi, bobo, mande and fulani)
  • Sprog: French is the official language. Indigenous African languages belonging to the Sudanese language family are spoken by more than 90% of the population
  • Religioner: 60.5% Muslims, 19% Catholics, 15.3% Animists, 4.2% Protestants, 0.6% other, 0.4% none
  • Net immigration: 3.416,00 (2018)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 8,53 (2023)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 34,95 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 9,81 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 8,66 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 59,77 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 398.536,44 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 34,49 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 318,37 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 3,70 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 11,30 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 50,10 (2022)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 0,32 (2018)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 3,00 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 21,58 (2021)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 14,30 (2020)
  • Labor force, total: 57,95 (2022)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 8.577.269,00 (2023)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 61,51 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 56,90 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 34,25 (2023)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 32,52 (2023)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 5,35 (2023)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 111,66 (2021)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 0,40 (2010)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 2,39 (2022)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 67.000,00 (2020)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 240,68 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 25,10 (2018)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 8,58 (2023)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,67 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,09 (2019)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 0,90 (2019)
  • Listed companies, total: 9,00 (2018)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 518,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 39,12 (2023)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 54,03 (2023)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 518,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 67,48 (2023)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 30,20 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): -24.998,00 (2023)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 80,78 (2021)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3.203.923,00 (2023)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 131,76 (2023)

Facts Burkina Faso's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 5,30 (2021)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 51,40 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 20.324.617.838,97 (2023)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 2,96 (2023)
  • BNI (US$): 874,12 (2023)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 63.405.458.216,37 (2023)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 19.484.760.471,34 (2023)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 9,84 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 0,74 (2023)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 29,25 (2023)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 131,76 (2023)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 61,52 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 10,69 (2023)
  • Vareimport (US$): 2.172.844.902,73 (2023)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 11,37 (2023)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 118,84 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 40.390.865.981,46 (2023)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 21,40 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 5,62 (2021)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 15,03 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 6,25 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 96,49 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 11.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 4.309.000.000,00 (2023)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 5.863.000.000,00 (2023)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 9,84 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 5.945.101.908,75 (2023)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 3,09 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 562.583.349,17 (2022)