Facts about Jordan

Facts about Jordan

1. Sacred royal lineage: The King of Jordan, Abdullah II, belongs to the Hashemite royal family, who consider themselves descendants of the Prophet Muhammad

2. Economy: The Jordanian economy is heavily affected by a lack of supply of water, oil and other natural resources. In addition, budget deficits, national debt, poverty and high unemployment weigh on the economy

3. Tourism: Tourism accounts for around 10-12% of Jordan’s gross domestic product and in 2010 there were approximately 8 million tourists and other visitors to the country. The most famous tourist attractions are the cities of Petra and Jerash

4. Health tourism: Jordan has been a destination for medical tourism since the 1970s. In 2010, 250,000 patients from 102 countries were treated in Jordan, bringing in over USD 1 billion

5. Military: Due to Jordan’s extremely important strategic location between Israel, the West Bank, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia, as well as its close proximity to Lebanon and Egypt, the Jordanian military receives a lot of support from the US, UK and France

Fact: This is possibly Bethabara, where Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist
Attribution: Cybjorg – Wikipedia.org

Fact: John the Baptist baptized Jesus in Bethabara – and these excavations in Jordan are believed to be Bethabara

 

6. Peacekeeping troops: Jordan contributes one of the highest number of peacekeeping troops of any country in the UN

7. Early history: Throughout history, present-day Jordan has been part of several powerful empires – including the Akkadian Empire (2335-2193 BC), Ancient Egypt (15th – 13th centuries BC), the Hittites (14th and 13th centuries BC), Assyria (13th – 1020 BC), the Neo-Assyrian Empire (911 – 605 BC), the Hittites (14th and 13th centuries BC), Assyria (13th – 1020 BC), and the Neo-Assyrian Empire (911 – 605 BC).), the Hittite Empire (14th and 13th centuries BC), Assyria (1365 – 1020 BC), the Neo-Assyrian Empire (911 – 605 BC), the Neo-Babylonian Empire (604 – 539 BC) and the Achaemenid dynasty. In addition, the Israelites have also ruled the area for shorter periods, and the Persians and Macedonian Greeks have dominated the region

8. The Caliphates: Jordan has also been part of several of the Caliphates (Rashidun Caliphate, Umayyad Caliphate and Abbasid Caliphate), after which it fell to the Mongols, Crusaders, Ayyubid dynasty and Mamluks respectively

9. The Ottoman Empire: In 1516, present-day Jordan became part of the Ottoman Empire and remained part of it until 1918, when the Hashemite army along with local Transjordanian tribes took power during the so-called ‘Arab Revolt’

10. Independence: In 1922, Transjordan was recognized as a state under the British Mandate by the League of Nations. The country remained under British rule and League of Nations protection until May 25, 1946, when the UN recognized Transjordan as an independent kingdom. The country changed its name from ‘Transjordan’ to ‘Jordan’ in 1948

Fact: Petra and Jerash are the most famous tourist attractions in Jordan
Attribution: Markv + Azurfrog – Wikipedia.org

Fact: Petra and Jerash are the most popular tourist attractions in Jordan

Geographic facts

  • Location: Middle East. Northwest of Saudi Arabia. Between Israel and Iraq
  • Country borders: Iraq (181 km), Israel (238 km), Saudi Arabia (744 km), Syria (375 km) and West Bank (97 km)
  • Coastline: 26 km
  • Climate: Mainly dry desert. Rainy season in the west of the country (November to April)
  • Landscape: Primarily desert terrain in the east and highlands in the west. The Rift Valley separates the east and west banks of the Jordan River
  • Lowest point: -408 m (Dead Sea)
  • Highest point: 1,854 m (Jabal Umm ad Dami)
  • Natural resources: Phosphates, potash and oil shale
  • Largest city: Amman
  • Capital city: Amman
  • Total area (square kilometers): 89.318,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 86.673,40 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 2.170,09 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 10.230,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 11,52 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 1,10 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 8,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 1,92 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 2,51 (2019)
  • Population of largest city: 125,55 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 2.232.240,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 1,23 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 88,33 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): n/a
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 87,56 (2014)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 32,85 (2021)
  • Etniske grupper: 98% Arabs, 1% Circassians, 1% Armenians
  • Sprog: Arabic (the official language). English is widely spoken in the upper and middle classes
  • Religioner: Muslims 97.2%, Christians 2.2%, Buddhists 0.4%, Hindus 0.1%, Jews <1%, folk religion <1%, other <1%, none <1%
  • Net immigration: 12,60 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 2,83 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 21,95 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 43,74 (2021)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 3,87 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 76,77 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 72,13 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 74,26 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 67,57 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 17,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 79,13 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 125,74 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 2,50 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 27,50 (2010)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 3,50 (2010)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 5,20 (2018)
  • Labor force, total: 3.062.800,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 38,98 (2021)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 36,78 (2021)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 11.285.869,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 503,54 (2010)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 19,84 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 1,45 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 34,80 (2020)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 567.927,06 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 71.045.825.435,69 (2019)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.921,11 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 86,00 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 13,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 0,31 (2019)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 91,83 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 3,12 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,43 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -157.392,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 170,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 8,17 (2022)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 1.240.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 406.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 8,17 (2022)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): -1,20 (2022)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,47 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 0,70 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 2.778,00 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3,16 (2019)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 133,12 (2022)

Facts Jordan's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 3,83 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 68,97 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 48.653.381.780,64 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 2,43 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 4.311,00 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 126.513.436.679,68 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 48.147.607.132,75 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 11,88 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 16,10 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 11.651.648.451,45 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 133,12 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 0,10 (2020)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 8.349.463.120,96 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 12.380.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 11,42 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 21,20 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 110,25 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 7,37 (2022)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 20,22 (2019)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 23,95 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 130,28 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 17,16 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 116.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 27.290.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 4,84 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 11,88 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 4,23 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 2.323.347.887,32 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 175,95 (2022)