Facts about Qatar

Doha in Qatar

1. Wealth: Qatar is considered one of the richest countries in the world, mainly due to its abundant oil resources that have created two huge industries; energy (oil and natural gas) and construction

2. Foreign labor: The large industries attract huge amounts of foreign labor, so that today there are more than 180 different nationalities, even though there are only about 2 million people living in Qatar. Only about 10% of Qatar’s population was born in the country

3. Gender distribution: 69.5% of the population is 25 – 54 years old. This age group consists of 1,170,547 men and 248,369 women. The gender imbalance is again related to the foreign workforce, as the majority of foreign workers are male and industrial sectors are generally male-dominated. Incapacitated men (elderly, sick, criminals, etc.) are usually sent back to their respective home countries

4. Population growth: The population growth in Qatar is special: 1950 = 25,000, 1970 = 47,000, 2000 = 591,000, 2005 = 906,000, 2013 = 2,000,000. The high population growth is, of course, also due to the influx of foreign workers. In percentage terms, the growth was highest in the years 2005 – 2009, where it was 13% – 21%

5. Steering: Qatar has been ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-1800s and the current Emir, Hamad Bin Kalifa Al Thani, has been in power since 1995, taking over from his father in a peaceful coup

Fact: Qatar's flag's original colors were white and red
Attribution: Juanedc – Flickr.com

Fact: Qatar’s flag was originally white and red, but the flag manufacturer used a “test color” for the flag. When the flag was raised, the color turned out to be more of a maroon. The decision was made to keep the color, which was later dubbed ‘Qatar red’

 

6. Age: In Qatar, there are at least 33 people who are over 100 years old. Qatar is also one of the few countries in the world where men have a longer average lifespan than women

7. Ghutra: The men of Qatar wear a distinctive headdress called a ‘ghutra’, which comes in many different colors, each with a special meaning; white means ‘purity’ and red symbolizes ‘patriotism’. A black and white shows ‘freedom’. There are also other colors that don’t necessarily have a symbolic meaning

8. Aspire Academy : With an impressive 290,000 m2, the Aspire Academy sports hall is the largest in the world. It includes a football pitch, a 200 meter running track, an Olympic swimming pool (50 m in length), a diving pool, a gymnastics hall, a sports hall, 13 table tennis tables, fencing courts, squash courts and space for contact sports.

9. Torch-Doha: The tallest tower is the Torch-Doha hotel, which with its 51 floors is 300 m high

10. WORLD CUP 2022: Qatar will host the World Cup in 2022, which means that a lot of work is already being done to improve the country’s infrastructure, as well as building new hotels, homes, shops, etc.

Qatar is characterized by its many high-rise buildings
Attribution: SaNYouRFriendLyNeighbor + Pedronet + jikatu – Flickr.com

Qatar’s distinctive tall skyscrapers stand in stark contrast to the country’s vast, barren desert

Geographic facts

  • Location: Middle East. A peninsula between the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia
  • Country borders: Saudi Arabia (60 km)
  • Coastline: 563 km
  • Climate: Very dry. Mild, pleasant winters and very hot, humid summers. Many sandstorms and generally a lot of dust
  • Landscape: Primarily flat, barren deserts covered in loose sand or gravel
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Persian Gulf)
  • Highest point: 103 m (Tuwayyir al Hamir)
  • Natural resources: oil, natural gas and fish
  • Largest city: Doha
  • Capital city: Doha
  • Total area (square kilometers): 11.490,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 10.591,24 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 678,05 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 740,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 6,44 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 0,00 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 0,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 31,73 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 2.695.122,00 (2022)
  • Population of largest city: 0,10 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): n/a
  • Population, total: n/a
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): n/a
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): n/a
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 0,13 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 11,80 (2020)
  • Etniske grupper: 40% Arab, 18% Indian, 18% Pakistani, 10% Iranian, 14% other
  • Sprog: Arabic is the official language, but English is widely used as a second language
  • Religioner: 77.5% Muslim, 8.5% Christian, 14% other
  • Net immigration: 7,24 (2018)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,78 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 9,09 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 99,61 (2022)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 1,08 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 47,00 (2019)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 97,75 (2014)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 4,00 (2018)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 1,70 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 7,20 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 4,50 (2022)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 0,00 (2023)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 14.824,00 (2018)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 100,00 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 582.000,00 (2020)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 99,32 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 81,56 (2022)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 83,10 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 80,63 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 0,68 (2022)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 1,15 (2019)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): n/a
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 0,54 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 7,30 (2019)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 59.091.482.771,07 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 16.415,25 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 88,10 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 42,92 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 0,30 (2022)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): n/a

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 0,25 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 233,96 (2021)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 2,50 (2018)
  • Listed companies, total: 174,13 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): -5,44 (2022)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 82,67 (2022)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 2.035.269,00 (2023)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): -5,44 (2022)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 102,09 (2020)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,25 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 6,26 (2018)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 798.382,00 (2023)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,26 (2022)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 120,79 (2022)

Facts Qatar's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 2,62 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 68,67 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 236.258.302.839,65 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 4,21 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 87.661,45 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 326.444.821.548,07 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 227.969.566.575,92 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 8,39 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 5,00 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 65,43 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 120,79 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 7,26 (1995)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 9,26 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 21.886.528.183,69 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 0,05 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 12,02 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 145,71 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 11,30 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): -2,98 (2020)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 57,52 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 4,56 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 140,10 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 22.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 130.964.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 33.479.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 8,39 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 154.582.407.894,86 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 6,96 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 15.412.087.912,09 (2022)