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Fakta om Mali

  1. Fattigdom: Mali er ét af verdens fattigste lande og omkring 36% af landets befolkning vurderes at leve under fattigdomsgrænsen
  2. Landbrug: I landbruget produceres der primært bomuld, majs, hirse, ris, jordnødder og forskellige grøntsager. Får og geder er de mest almindelige husdyr
  3. Eksport: Sammen med guld og husdyr er bomuld den største eksportvare
  4. Aldersgrupper: 47% af befolkningen er børn og unge i aldersgruppen 0-14 år og kun 6,7% er 55 år eller derover
  5. Nationaldag: Malis nationaldag er den 22. september, hvor man fejrer landets løsrivelse fra Frankrig i 1960
  6. Læsefærdigheder: 43,1% af alle mænd og 24,6% af alle kvinder (over 15 år) kan læse og skrive
  7. Regioner: Mali er inddelt i 8 regioner: Kayes, Koulikoro (og Bamako), Sikasso, Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao og Kidal
  8. Historie: Det nutidige Mali var oprindeligt en del af 3 vestafrikanske riger: Ghanariget, Maliriget og Songhai-Imperiet. I slutningen af 1800-tallet tog Frankrig kontrollen over Mali og beholdt denne frem til Malis løsrivelse i 1960
  9. Maliriget: Maliriget eksisterede i perioden år 1230 – 1600 e.Kr. og regnes for Malis storhedstid. Maliriget strakte sig ud til Afrikas Vestkyst og dets grundlag for vækst var Trans-Sahara-handelen (som forbandt handelen mellem de nordafrikanske lande ved Middelhavet med landene syd for Saharaørkenen)
  10. Guldalder: Under Malis guldalder (omkring 1300-tallet) skete der en opblomstring inden for matematik, astronomi, litteratur og kunst i Maliriget

Fakta: Moskeen i Djenne, Mali er en af de største bygninger af jord i verden

 

Attribution: Jurgen + Juan Manuel Garcia – Flickr.com

 

Moskeen i Djenne, Mali er en af verdens største jordbygninger

Geografiske fakta

  • Agricultural land (sq. km): 412010 (2016)
  • Agricultural land (% of land area): 33.766052827838 (2016)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 0.17696705155218 (2016)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 3.799408288873 (2016)
  • Plant species (higher), threatened: 12 (2018)
  • Rural land area (sq. km): 1243208.25 (2010)
  • Surface area (sq. km): 1240190 (2018)
  • Urban land area (sq. km): 2910.42749 (2010)

Demografiske fakta

  • Armed forces personnel, total: 18000 (2017)
  • Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people): 41.543 (2018)
  • Employers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate): 0.60399997234345 (2019)
  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 5.877 (2018)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 38.395802907454 (2017)
  • Food imports (% of merchandise imports): 16.86778045372 (2017)
  • Food production index (2004-2006 = 100): 175.83 (2016)
  • Households and NPISHs Final consumption expenditure, PPP (current international $): 38349240385.207 (2019)
  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 people): 0.1 (2010)
  • Income share held by highest 10%: 25.7 (2009)
  • Income share held by lowest 10%: 3.3 (2009)
  • Individuals using the Internet (% of population): 13 (2017)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 14000 (2018)
  • Labor force with basic education (% of total working-age population with basic education): 50.281398773193 (2018)
  • Labor force with intermediate education (% of total working-age population with intermediate education): 61.121898651123 (2018)
  • Labor force, total: 7335419 (2019)
  • Life expectancy at birth, female (years): 59.649 (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth, male (years): 58.137 (2018)
  • Life expectancy at birth, total (years): 58.893 (2018)
  • Literacy rate, adult total (% of people ages 15 and above): 35.47377 (2018)
  • Mammal species, threatened: 14 (2018)
  • Mobile cellular subscriptions (per 100 people): 115.08467272528 (2018)
  • Mortality caused by road traffic injury (per 100,000 people): 23.1 (2016)
  • Suicide mortality rate, female (per 100,000 female population): 2.7 (2016)
  • Suicide mortality rate, male (per 100,000 male population): 6.9 (2016)
  • Mortality rate, infant (per 1,000 live births): 62 (2018)
  • Net migration: -200000 (2017)
  • New business density (new registrations per 1,000 people ages 15-64): 0.32846512340529 (2018)
  • New businesses registered (number): 3130 (2018)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 people): 0.3585 (2018)
  • Physicians (per 1,000 people): 0.1286 (2018)
  • Population density (people per sq. km of land area): 15.635015858186 (2018)
  • Population in largest city: 2529328 (2019)
  • Population growth (annual %): 2.9966367601029 (2019)
  • Population, total: 19658031 (2019)
  • Poverty headcount ratio at national poverty lines (% of population): 41.1 (2009)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population ages 15-49): 1.4 (2018)
  • Rail lines (total route-km): 733 (2002)
  • Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km): 196.3 (2002)
  • Rural population (% of total population): 56.864 (2019)
  • Rural population growth (annual %): 1.6342642927991 (2019)
  • School enrollment, primary (% gross): 75.6006 (2018)
  • Share of youth not in education, employment or training, total (% of youth population): 26.715999603271 (2018)
  • Smoking prevalence, total (ages 15+): 12.3 (2016)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women ages 15-19 who have had children or are currently pregnant): 36 (2018)
  • Total alcohol consumption per capita (liters of pure alcohol, projected estimates, 15+ years of age): 1.3 (2016)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force) (national estimate): 1.6198999881744 (2018)
  • Unemployment, youth total (% of total labor force ages 15-24) (national estimate): 2.4375998973846 (2018)
  • Urban population (% of total population): 43.136 (2019)
  • Urban population growth (annual %): 4.821421216673 (2019)
  • Wage and salaried workers, total (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate): 18.409999847412 (2019)

Mali's økonomi

  • Consumer price index (2010 = 100): 108.72607975089 (2019)
  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 3.7939850240946 (2017)
  • Deposit interest rate (%): 6.49 (2017)
  • Ease of doing business score (0 = lowest performance to 100 = best performance): 52.94472 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$): 17510141171.34 (2019)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 5.0400000019287 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (current US$): 890.73728550638 (2019)
  • GDP, PPP (current international $): 47647700992.939 (2019)
  • GNI (current US$): 17055251867.01 (2019)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 5.0954566729028 (2019)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 16.368556584726 (2018)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 20.836294179924 (2019)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (current US$): 3648464525.7804 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): -1.6582669484637 (2019)
  • Labor tax and contributions (% of commercial profits): 43.1 (2019)
  • Lending interest rate (%): 5.14 (2017)
  • Livestock production index (2004-2006 = 100): 134.92 (2016)
  • Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP): 3.0122201224673 (2019)
  • Manufacturing, value added (current US$): 527443995.83554 (2019)
  • Merchandise exports (current US$): 3367000000 (2019)
  • Merchandise imports (current US$): 4599000000 (2019)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 2.8650192995004 (2018)
  • Military expenditure (current USD): 495165301.00365 (2018)
  • Net ODA received per capita (current US$): 78.219113018105 (2018)
  • Trade (% of GDP): 57.188997306004 (2019)

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Sidst opdateret af redaktionen den 03. juni 2020