Facts about Mali

Random facts about Mali

1. Poverty: Mali is one of the poorest countries in the world and around 36% of the country’s population is estimated to live below the poverty line

2. Agriculture: Agriculture mainly produces cotton, corn, millet, rice, peanuts and various vegetables. Sheep and goats are the most common livestock

3. Export: Along with gold and livestock, cotton is the largest export commodity

4. Age groups: 47% of the population are children and young people aged 0-14 years and only 6.7% are 55 years or older

5. National Day: Mali’s national day is September 22nd, celebrating the country’s secession from France in 1960

Fact: The Mali Empire is considered to be Mali's golden age
Attribution: Roke – Wikipedia.org

Fact: The Mali Empire (1230 – 1600 AD) stretched to the west coast of Africa and is considered the heyday of Mali

 

6. Literacy: 43.1% of all men and 24.6% of all women (over 15 years old) can read and write

7. Regions: Mali is divided into 8 regions: Kayes, Koulikoro (and Bamako), Sikasso, Ségou, Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao and Kidal

8. History: Modern-day Mali was originally part of 3 West African empires: The Ghana Empire, the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire. In the late 1800s, France took control of Mali and retained control until Mali’s secession in 1960

9. Maliriget: The Mali Empire existed between 1230 – 1600 AD and is considered the heyday of Mali. The Mali Empire stretched to the west coast of Africa and its basis for growth was the Trans-Saharan trade (which connected the trade between the North African countries on the Mediterranean with the countries south of the Sahara Desert)

10. The Golden Age: During Mali’s Golden Age (around the 14th century), mathematics, astronomy, literature and art flourished in the Mali Kingdom

Fact: The mosque in Djenne, Mali is one of the largest earthen buildings in the world
Attribution: Jurgen + Juan Manuel Garcia – Flickr.com

The mosque in Djenne, Mali is one of the largest earthen buildings in the world

Geographic facts

  • Location: In the center of West Africa, southwest of Algeria, west of Niger and north of Guinea, Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso
  • Country borders: Algeria (1,376 km), Burkina Faso (1,000 km), Guinea (858 km), Ivory Coast (532 km), Mauritania (2,237 km), Niger (821 km) and Senegal (419 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Subtropical to dry. Hot and dry in February - June; rainy, humid and mild in June - November; cool and dry in November - February
  • Landscape: Generally flat or hilly sandy plains. In the south there is savannah and in the north hilly hills
  • Lowest point: 23 m (Senegal River)
  • Highest point: 1,155 m (Hombori Tondo)
  • Natural resources: Gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, limestone, uranium, bryozoan, granite and hydropower (deposits of bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin and copper are also known to exist but are not mined)
  • Largest city: Bamako
  • Capital city: Bamako
  • Total area (square kilometers): 1.240.190,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 1.251.575,14 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 1.505,02 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 431.310,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 35,35 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 10,90 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 12,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 0,20 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 3,10 (2022)
  • Population of largest city: 22.593.590,00 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): 44,60 (2021)
  • Population, total: 0,80 (2021)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 4,78 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 14,62 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 1,71 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 72,65 (2021)
  • Etniske grupper: 50% Mandé (Bambara, Soniké and Malinké), 17% Fulani, 12% Voltaic, 6% Songhai, 10% Tuareg and Moor, 5% others
  • Sprog: French is the official language, but around 80% can communicate in Bambara. The native languages in Mali are distributed as follows: Bambara 46.3%, Peul/Foulfoulbe 9.4%, Dogon 7.2%, Maraka/Soninke 6.4%, Malinke 5.6%, Sonrhai/Djerma 5.6%, Minianka 4.3%, Tamacheq 3.5%, Senoufo 2.6%, unspecified 0.6%, other 8.5%. In total, around 40 languages are spoken in Mali
  • Religioner: 94.8% Muslims, 2.4% Christians, animists 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3%
  • Net immigration: 2.741,00 (2020)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 8,69 (2019)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 41,64 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 4,35 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 9,27 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 58,94 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 240.914,06 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 30,76 (2020)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 311,36 (2021)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 2,90 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 5,30 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 61,60 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 0,27 (2020)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 3,20 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 34,49 (2021)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 8,30 (2020)
  • Labor force, total: 57,62 (2021)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 8.276.658,00 (2023)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 60,33 (2021)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 733,00 (2002)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 30,86 (2020)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 45,44 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 3,53 (2020)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 114,50 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 0,10 (2010)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 0,29 (2022)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 217.000,00 (2019)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 253,91 (2021)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 36,00 (2018)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 7,50 (2020)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 5,96 (2021)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,12 (2018)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 0,42 (2018)
  • Listed companies, total: 14,00 (2018)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 196,30 (2002)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 50,94 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 79,79 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 196,30 (2002)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 54,56 (2022)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 28,30 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): -39.998,00 (2023)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 17,95 (2021)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 2.929.373,00 (2023)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 124,41 (2022)

Facts Mali's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 6,49 (2017)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 52,94 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 18.827.176.529,70 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 3,73 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 833,30 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 56.912.062.154,69 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 18.067.642.895,29 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 5,67 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 9,62 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 19,96 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 124,41 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 53,04 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 6,44 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 1.212.789.371,22 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 13,90 (2019)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 136,03 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 44.607.300.444,68 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 43,10 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 4,41 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 13,83 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 5,14 (2017)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 127,27 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 41.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 5.069.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 6.185.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 5,67 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 3.758.468.737,01 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 2,83 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 515.070.125,17 (2022)