Facts about Armenia

Lake Sevan in Armenia

1. Name: Armenia takes its name from the ancient Persian Bisutun inscriptions (from 515 BC), where the word ‘Armina’ appears. In Armenian, Armenia is called “Hayk”

2. Population: There are 8 – 10 million Armenians in the world. The majority of Armenians living abroad live in Russia (estimated: 1.5 – 2.9 million) and the USA (estimated: 0.5 – 1.5 million)

3. Yerevan: The capital of Armenia, Yerevan, was originally called Erebuni and has been inhabited for more than 2,700 years, making it one of the oldest cities in the world (second only to cities such as Jerusalem and Damascus)

4. The heyday: Armenia’s heyday was in the years 95 – 55 BC under Tigran the Great, when the Armenian Empire stretched from the Caspian Sea to the Mediterranean, covering Georgia, Azerbaijan, Lebanon and Syria, as well as parts of Turkey, Iran and Iraq

5. Christianity: Armenia was the first country to officially convert to Christianity. Although some claim it happened in 301 AD, the consensus today is that 314 AD is the correct date. In any case, both of these dates come before 391 AD, when the Roman Empire officially became Christian

Fact: The Armenian flag dates back to 1990
Attribution: Free Grunge Textures – Flickr.com

Fact: The Armenian flag is called ‘Yeraguyn’ in Armenian and was adopted on August 24, 1990

 

6. The Bible: Armenian was the eighteenth language in which the Bible – in whole or in part – was written. The Armenian translation of the Bible from 433 AD is considered one of the best in the world

7. Gothic churches: Armenians built Gothic-style churches a century before the first similar churches were built in Europe

8. Foreign rulers: Armenia has been conquered by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottomans, Turks and Russians throughout history

9. Genocide: The most brutal rulers in Armenia were the Turkish Ottomans, who from the late 1800s repeatedly killed Armenians. In 1915, the Ottomans deported the Armenian people to the deserts of Syria and what was then Mesopotamia (now Iraq), where between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians died of starvation. Along with the Herero people of South Africa, the Armenians are the only people to have suffered genocide in the 20th century

10. Famous Armenians: Famous Armenians include: Garry Kasparov (chess player), Kirk Kerkorian (businessman and co-owner of Chrysler), Jack Kevorkian (pathologist), and singers Cher and Charles Aznavour

 

Genocide

The Armenian Genocide was at its worst in the years 1915 - 1918
Attribution: Project SAVE – Wikipedia.org

The Armenian genocide was most extensive in the years 1915 – 1918, when 1 – 1.5 million Armenians were killed by the Turkish Ottomans. Here is a group of Armenians being taken to a prison in Mezireh (Kharpert, Armenia) by Ottoman soldiers

Geographic facts

  • Location: The southwestern part of Asia. Between Turkey (in the west) and Azerbaijan (in the east)
  • Country borders: Azerbaijan (566 km), Nakhichevan [exclave of Azerbaijan] (221 km), Georgia (164 km), Iran (35 km) and Turkey (268 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Continental highlands. Hot summers and cold winters
  • Landscape: Highlands with mountains. Few forest areas. Fast flowing rivers. Good agricultural land in the Aras River valley
  • Lowest point: 400 m (Debedfloden)
  • Highest point: 4,090 m (Aragats Lerrnagagat')
  • Natural resources: Minor deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc and bauxite
  • Largest city: Jerevan
  • Capital city: Jerevan
  • Total area (square kilometers): 29.740,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 27.342,22 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 922,34 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 16.748,20 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 58,83 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 11,53 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 74,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 2,40 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 4,55 (2017)
  • Population of largest city: 98,03 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 1.094.813,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: -0,38 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 63,57 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): -0,15 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 36,43 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -0,77 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 97.9% Armenian, 1.3% Yezidi (Kurds), 0.5% Russian, 0.3% other
  • Sprog: Armenian is the official language, spoken by 97.7%. Other languages include Yezidi (1%) and Russian (0.9%)
  • Religioner: 94.7% Armenian Orthodox (Armenian Apostolic), 4% other Christians, 1.3% Yezidi
  • Net immigration: 9,50 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,58 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 12,05 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 3,60 (2016)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 13,01 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 77,35 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 66,55 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 72,04 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 135,25 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 20,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 84,06 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 260,34 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 5,60 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): 37,53 (2022)
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 23,00 (2022)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 3,90 (2022)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 10,01 (2021)
  • Labor force, total: 1.355.546,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 30,03 (2021)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 69,02 (2021)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 2.780.469,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 7,10 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 92,90 (2022)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 22,54 (2021)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 23,49 (2021)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 258.447,05 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 32.985.642.117,09 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.976,86 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 78,61 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 9,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 25,50 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 4,98 (2019)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 0,81 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 2,86 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -5.000,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 12,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 698,40 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 375.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 346.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 698,40 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 55,00 (2017)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,20 (2015)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 1,30 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 5.700,00 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 5,03 (2015)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 152,24 (2022)

Facts Armenia's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 8,47 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 74,49 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 19.513.474.648,24 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 12,60 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 7.018,05 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 52.733.617.566,42 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 18.664.848.319,51 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 7,69 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 8,64 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 25,28 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 152,24 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 108,02 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 11,31 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 2.206.053.434,94 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 23,63 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 15,11 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 83,87 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 0,00 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 10,97 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 22,19 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 11,72 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 100,02 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 47.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 5.360.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 8.769.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 7,69 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 4.933.330.502,44 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 4,32 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 795.201.580,05 (2022)