Facts about Oman

Facts about Oman

1. Khanjar: Khanjar is a traditional Omani dagger that all men wear on their belts at official events and festive occasions. The Khanjar dagger’s decoration varies greatly and is a symbol of the man’s origin, masculinity and courage. The dagger is also part of the Oman flag

2. Literacy: 87% of the population in Oman can read and write

3. National Day: November 18th is the national day in Oman. It celebrates the beginning of the current Sultan Qaboos bin Said’s rule in 1970. The day also coincides with the Sultan’s birthday

4. Omana: Yalainous, who lived in the years 23 – 79 AD, was one of the first Roman historians to mention Oman (then referred to as ‘Omana’)

5. Portuguese rule: Oman was under Portuguese rule between 1507 and 1650. However, the Ottomans conquered the capital twice during this period. With the exception of a short-lived Persian invasion in the late 1740s, Oman has been self-governing since 1650

Fact: Khanjar is a dagger carried by Omani men
Attribution: Looi – Wikipedia.org

Fact: The Khanjar is a traditional Omani dagger worn at all official events. The dagger is a sign of masculinity and courage, and is also part of the Omani flag

 

6. Sultanate: Oman is one of the world’s few sultanates – a country where the head of state is an Islamic monarch who rules according to Shariah. Other examples of sultanates include Brunei and some states in Malaysia

7. Sultan Qaboos: The current sultan, Qaboos bin Said Al Said, took over after the peaceful ouster of his father, Said bin Taimur, in 1970. His father had been sultan since 1932

8. Incense: Although Oman’s economy today relies heavily on its oil industry, it wasn’t always this way; for thousands of years, frankincense was one of the most important commodities and later Oman also became known for breeding racehorses (of the ‘thoroughbred Arabian’ breed)

9. Economy: As Oman has limited oil reserves, the Sultan has taken various measures to prevent an economic crisis when the oil eventually runs out. These measures include investments in industry, agriculture and fisheries – but these sectors still account for less than 1% of the country’s exports. In addition, there is a strong focus on tourism in the future

10. Workforce: The workforce in Oman consists of around 968,800 people, of which around 60% are foreigners. This part of the workforce sends around $30 billion to their home countries in Asia and Africa, although around half of them earn less than $400 per month. The largest group of foreign workers in Oman are Indians

In Oman, there are desert plains, mountains and sea
Attribution: loufi + isapisa + keithusc – Flickr.com

Oman’s landscape is characterized by arid desert plains in the middle of the country, a long coastline and mountains in the north and south

Geographic facts

  • Location: Middle East. Bordered by the Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Persian Gulf, Yemen, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE)
  • Country borders: Saudi Arabia (676 km), United Arab Emirates (410 km) and Yemen (288 km)
  • Coastline: 2,092 km
  • Climate: Dry desert. Hot and humid along the coasts; hot and dry inland. In May - September there is a strong monsoon in the southwest of the country
  • Landscape: Central desert plain with mountains to the north and south
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Arabian Sea)
  • Highest point: 2,980 m (Jabal Shams)
  • Natural resources: Petroleum, copper, asbestos, marble, bryozoan lime, chrome, gypsum, natural gas and fish
  • Largest city: Muscat
  • Capital city: Muscat
  • Total area (square kilometers): 309.500,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 309.151,55 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 1.500,49 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 14.662,20 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 4,74 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 0,01 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 6,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 15,64 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 1.650.319,00 (2023)
  • Population of largest city: 1,23 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): 4.576.298,00 (2022)
  • Population, total: 0,10 (2021)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): n/a
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): n/a
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 1,90 (2021)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 8,00 (2020)
  • Etniske grupper: Arabs, Baluchis, Indians, Pakistanis, Sri Lankans and Bangladeshis
  • Sprog: Arabic is the official language. English, Baluchi, Urdu and Indian dialects are also spoken.
  • Religioner: 75% Ibadi Muslims, 25% others (incl. Sunni, Shia and Hindu)
  • Net immigration: 1,52 (2020)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 2,62 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 18,42 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 95,60 (2022)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 3,80 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 72,54 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 110,00 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 250.000,00 (2010)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 92,93 (2021)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 136,71 (2021)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 1,00 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 6,80 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 0,00 (2023)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 96,38 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 869.000,00 (2020)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 87,75 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 70,98 (2021)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 2.315.787,00 (2023)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 74,72 (2021)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 12,25 (2022)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 0,88 (2019)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): n/a
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 15,47 (2020)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 10,00 (2018)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 77.230.118.297,00 (2021)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 6.474,50 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 1.657.000,00 (2020)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 10,60 (2019)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 2,04 (2022)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): n/a

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 1,11 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 4,43 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 5.804,00 (2020)
  • Listed companies, total: 97,34 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): -4,38 (2022)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 67,32 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 57,90 (2021)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): -4,38 (2022)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 90,10 (2022)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,47 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 8,70 (2021)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,99 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 14,61 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 117,46 (2022)

Facts Oman's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 4,15 (2021)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 69,98 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 114.667.360.208,06 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 4,31 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 25.056,79 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 191.006.261.693,67 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 106.160.208.062,42 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 10,24 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 2,81 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 56,98 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 117,46 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): -7,50 (2010)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 10,50 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 12.035.630.689,21 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 9,63 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 14,57 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 170,06 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 13,00 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 3,05 (2021)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 17,51 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 5,50 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 186,57 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 47.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 66.456.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 38.704.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 10,24 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 65.336.280.884,27 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 5,17 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 5.783.485.045,51 (2022)