Facts about Chile

Torres del Paine national park in Chile

1. Santiago: The capital Santiago is home to around 7 million Chileans – that’s about 36% of the total population

2. Easter Island: Easter Island – known for its 887 mysterious giant statues (moai) – is Chilean territory. Easter Island is also the world’s most isolated island and is located 3,700 km off the coast of Chile

3. The Atacama Desert: In northern Chile, the Atacama Desert is the driest place on earth. Here it rains less than 0.05 mm per year

4. The land of poets: Chileans themselves call their country ‘país de poetas’, meaning ‘land of poets’. This is not without reason, as Chile’s only two Nobel Prize winners won the prize in literature (Gabriela Mistral in 1945 and Pablo Neruda in 1971)

5. Mountains: The Andes – the world’s longest mountain range – run throughout Chile (from south to north) and cover around 80% of the country

Fact: Easter Island is Chilean territory
Attribution: Arian Zwegers – Flickr.com

Fact: Easter Island – best known for its 887 mysterious stone giants – is Chilean territory

 

6. Ojos del Salado: The Ojos del Salado volcano in the Andes (on the border between Chile and Argentina) is located at an altitude of 6,390 meters and is the world’s highest volcano. Ojos del Salado also contains a crater lake, making it the highest lake in the world

7. Economic stability: Chile is one of the richest and most economically stable countries in South America

8. Sport: The most popular sport in Chile is undoubtedly soccer. However, tennis is considered the country’s most successful sport. The national sport is rodeo

9. Independence: Chile’s war of independence against the Spanish took place between 1810 and 1826. Chile’s National Day (Fiestas Patrias) is celebrated every year on September 18 and 19 to commemorate independence. Since 1967, it has been mandatory to fly the Chilean flag on all public buildings during Fiestas Patrias. The flag must be in perfect condition and hang correctly from a flagpole or building facade – failure to comply with the law can result in fines of up to 40,000 pesos (approx. 80 USD)

10. Name: The origin of the name ‘Chile’ is unknown. Many believe it comes from the Native American word ‘tchilli’, which means ‘snow’ or ‘deepest point of the earth’. Other theories suggest that it comes from the word ‘chili’ (Mapuche) meaning “where the land ends” or the word ‘chiri’ (Quechua) meaning “cold”

Fact: The Atacama Desert and Ojos del Salado are located in Chile
Attribution: Miradas.com.br + Danielle Pereira + sergejf – Flickr.com

Fact: Chile is home to the world’s driest place ‘Atacama Desert’ (top and center) and the world’s highest volcano ‘Ojos del Salado’ (bottom). The volcano also contains the world’s highest lake

Geographic facts

  • Location: The southern part of South America. Between Argentina, Peru and the Pacific Ocean
  • Country borders: Argentina (5,308 km), Bolivia (860 km) and Peru (171 km)
  • Coastline: 6,435 km
  • Climate: Temperate. Desert in the north, cool and humid in the south and Mediterranean in the central part of the country
  • Landscape: Low mountains around the coastal areas, a fertile central valley and higher mountains in the east
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Pacific Ocean)
  • Highest point: 6,893 m (Nevado Ojos del Salado)
  • Natural resources: Copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum and hydropower
  • Largest city: Santiago
  • Capital city: Santiago
  • Total area (square kilometers): 756.700,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 723.594,53 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 3.579,67 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 105.955,37 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 14,25 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 24,66 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 73,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 4,40 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 2,97 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 26,22 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 6.903.392,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 0,57 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 0,67 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 75,39 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 12,09 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -0,22 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 95.4% white and white mixed with indigenous Indians, 4% Mapuche and 0.6% other indigenous groups
  • Sprog: Spanish (the official language), Mapudungun, German and English
  • Religioner: 70% Roman Catholics, 15.1% Evangelicals, 1.1% Jehovah's Witnesses, 1% other Christians, 4.6% other, 8.3% none
  • Net immigration: 5,60 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,54 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 11,79 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 6,75 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 7,43 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 81,44 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 76,47 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 78,94 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 134,75 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 14,90 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 68,28 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 126,53 (2021)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 14,90 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 34,50 (2022)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 2,30 (2022)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 8,30 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 9.847.754,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 44,53 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 64,97 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 19.603.733,00 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 18,10 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 99,37 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 87,91 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 14,42 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 472.832,83 (2017)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 347.259.927.936,26 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 3.895,44 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 90,19 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 19,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 29,20 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 18,40 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 3,20 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 12,11 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -71.205,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 400,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 2.396,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 5.431.000,00 (2019)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 4.091.000,00 (2019)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 2.396,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 738,00 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 2,06 (2018)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 3,20 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 158.583,00 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,60 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 158,63 (2022)

Facts Chile's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 8,99 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 72,58 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 301.024.724.911,92 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 2,44 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 15.355,48 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 616.274.266.917,81 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 284.452.899.477,94 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 15,47 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 11,64 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 31,97 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 158,63 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 3,83 (2017)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 9,74 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 29.317.923.668,52 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 21,76 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 10,74 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 105,36 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 5,10 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 3,00 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 16,38 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 4,18 (2018)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 103,40 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 114.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 98.549.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 104.529.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 15,47 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 96.236.172.318,98 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 1,83 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 5.566.455.218,53 (2022)