Facts about Paraguay

The flag of Paraguay

1. Languages: Paraguay is one of the few South American countries that have retained their indigenous language (Guaraní) as an official language. Guaraní is an onomatopoeic language, which means it is made up of sound words (i.e. words formed by imitating natural sounds). Almost the entire population of Paraguay understands and speaks Spanish, but prefers to speak Guaraní

2. Name: The name ‘Paraguay’ has an unclear origin; some believe it comes from a tribe that once lived on the banks of the Paraguay River, while others hold that it has a linguistic meaning along the lines of ‘the river that runs to the sea’ (or something similar)

3. Chaco: Although the western part of the country (colloquially known as ‘Chaco’) makes up 60% of Paraguay’s total area, only around 2% of the population lives here

4. Ethnicity: Paraguayans are primarily a mixture of Spaniards and indigenous Guarani Indians. Among all the countries in South America, the Paraguayan population is the most racially homogenous

5. National drink: Paraguay’s national drink is a special type of tea called ‘mate’, which is also found in many other countries around the world (including several South American countries)

Fact: Paraguay's flag is not the same on both sides
Attribution: Republica del Paraguay – Wikipedia.org

Fact: Paraguay’s flag is special because it has different symbols on each side. On the obverse (top) is the country’s coat of arms and the reverse (bottom) is the logo of the Paraguayan Ministry of Revenue

 

6. Largest rodent: The world’s largest rodent – the capybara (or ‘river hog’ as it is also known) – lives around the rivers of Paraguay and a few other South American countries. The heaviest capybaras ever recorded weighed 73.5 kg (a male from Paraguay) and 91 kg (a female from Brazil)

7. Jesuits: In the 1700s, there were many Jesuits in Paraguay to convert the population to Christianity, which they did successfully until the Spanish expelled them from the country in 1767

8. Wars: The War of the Triple Alliance from 1865 to 1870 still looms large in the minds of Paraguayans. The war claimed the lives of around 90% of the adult male population as they fought Argentina, Brazil and Uruguay for access to the sea. In the 1930s, Paraguay was again at war, this time against Bolivia, which – along with the Triple Alliance War – helps explain the relatively low population density (around 16 inhabitants per km2)

9. Public holidays: Paraguay gained independence from Spain on May 15, 1811, which is therefore celebrated every year as the country’s Independence Day. In addition, there is also ‘Heroes’ Day’ on March 1, which marks the end of the War of the Triple Alliance, and June 12, which indicates the end of the war against Bolivia. April 30th is also Teachers’ Day, when the country’s teachers – as the name suggests – take the day off

10. Flag: Paraguay got its current flag on November 27, 1842. The flag has three horizontal stripes (red, white and blue), but is very special because the symbols on its two sides are not the same; on the obverse is the coat of arms of Paraguay surrounded by the text ‘REPUBLICA DEL PARAGUAY’ (Republic of Paraguay), where the reverse is adorned with the symbol of the country’s Ministry of Revenue and surrounded by the text ‘Paz y Justicia’ (Peace and Justice)

Fact: Paraguay is one of the South American countries where the world's largest rodent - the capybara - lives
Attribution: Smabs Sputzer + lorentey + Marie Hale – Flickr.com

Fact: The capybara – the world’s largest rodent – is native to Paraguay (and a few other South American countries). The largest recorded male capybara weighed 73.5 kg and came from Paraguay

Geographic facts

  • Location: The central part of South America. North of Argentina and southwest of Brazil
  • Country borders: Argentina (1,880 km), Bolivia (750 km) and Brazil (1,365 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Subtropical to temperate. High rainfall in the eastern part of the country and semi-arid in the west
  • Landscape: Grassy plains and forested hills east of the Paraguay River. The Gran Chaco region west of the Paraguay River is characterized by low-lying marshland (by the river) and dry forest landscape in the upper areas
  • Lowest point: 46 m ( crossing between the Paraguay River and the Paraná River)
  • Highest point: 842 m (Cerro Pero)
  • Natural resources: Hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese and limestone
  • Largest city: Asunción
  • Capital city: Asunción
  • Total area (square kilometers): 406.752,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 396.430,59 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 1.320,83 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 168.091,40 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 42,31 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 39,83 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 20,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 1,14 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 3,24 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 16,87 (2021)
  • Population growth (annual %): 3.510.511,00 (2023)
  • Population, total: 1,18 (2023)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 1,71 (2023)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 57,79 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 0,29 (2023)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 90,61 (2023)
  • Etniske grupper: 95% Mestits (a mix of indigenous Indians and whites), 5% others
  • Sprog: Spanish, Guarani (both official languages)
  • Religioner: 89.6% Roman Catholics, 6.2% Protestants, 1.1% other Christians, 1.9% other or unspecified, 1.1% none
  • Net immigration: 15,00 (2022)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 2,44 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 20,33 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 5,60 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 7,44 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 73,57 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 67,65 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 70,48 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 127,70 (2022)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 22,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 137,42 (2022)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 231,53 (2022)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 8,70 (2019)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 35,40 (2022)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 1,80 (2022)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 11,50 (2020)
  • Labor force, total: 3.468.731,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 65,22 (2017)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 76,97 (2017)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 6.861.524,00 (2023)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 25,90 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 18,59 (2017)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 63,15 (2023)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 5,79 (2023)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 287.449,96 (2022)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 73.749.978.976,26 (2023)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.682,07 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 76,26 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 10,00 (2018)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 11,60 (2008)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 13,18 (2023)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,87 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 0,70 (2022)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): -12.499,00 (2023)
  • Listed companies, total: 55,00 (1999)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 441,00 (2000)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 1.077.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 214.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 441,00 (2000)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 36,85 (2023)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,83 (2016)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 3,20 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3.072,00 (2022)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,79 (2018)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 176,15 (2023)

Facts Paraguay's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 3,42 (2021)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 59,05 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 42.956.263.543,95 (2023)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 4,71 (2023)
  • BNI (US$): 6.260,46 (2023)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 119.842.424.233,45 (2023)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 41.584.973.464,27 (2023)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 18,01 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 4,63 (2023)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 32,36 (2023)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 176,15 (2023)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 14,26 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 19,43 (2023)
  • Vareimport (US$): 8.346.526.990,14 (2023)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 70,44 (2023)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 7,46 (2023)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 85,44 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 18,60 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 4,76 (2023)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 20,10 (2023)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 12,51 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 113,45 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 29.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 11.891.000.000,00 (2023)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 16.105.000.000,00 (2023)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 18,01 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 13.898.534.308,95 (2023)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 0,83 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 365.688.252,58 (2022)