Facts about Cuba

Facts about Cuba

1. Nuclear weapons: The Soviet Union moved more than 150 nuclear weapons to Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis (October 14-28, 1962)

2. Hitchhikers: All government vehicles in Cuba are required by law to pick up all hitchhikers

3. Coca-Cola: There are only 2 countries in the world that are officially banned from selling Coca-Cola; North Korea and Cuba

4. CIA and Castro: Before 1960, the CIA had a number of plans to damage Fidel Castro’s image. These included poisoned cigars and depilatories in shoes, both of which would cause Fidel Castro’s beard to fall off. Another plan was to poison the air of a radio station with chemicals that would produce LSD-like effects on Castro during airtime

5. Twitter clone: The US government created a clone of the social media site Twitter for Cubans in 2011

Facts: Yank tanks in Cuba
Attribution: y.becart – Flickr.com

Fact: The classic American cars (so-called ‘yank tanks’) are very common in Cuba because the trade embargo with the US in 1960 meant that new car imports have been closed since then

 

6. Shaving: Fidel Castro has stated that he “has saved 10 working days per year because he hasn’t bothered to shave”

7. Mobile phones: Cubans were banned from owning cell phones until 2008

8. Cigars: US President John F. Kennedy bought 1,200 Cuban cigars just before signing the trade embargo with Cuba in 1960

9. Monopoly: When Fidel Castro took power in Cuba on February 16, 1959, he immediately ordered the destruction of all Monopoly board games

10. Balloon: A man left the Cuban capital Havana in 1856 in a hot air balloon and has been missing ever since

Fact: The capital of Cuba, Havana, is home to 2.1 million inhabitants
Attribution: neiljs – Flickr.com

Fact: Cuba’s capital, Havana, is home to 2.1 million inhabitants and is the country’s largest city

Geographic facts

  • Location: An island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean
  • Country borders: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay (Guantanamo Bay Naval Base) (29 km). The area officially belongs to Cuba, but there is a controversial treaty that allows the US to use the area
  • Coastline: 3,735 km
  • Climate: Tropical, though affected by trade winds. Dry season in November - April and rainy season in May - October
  • Landscape: Mostly flat with rolling hills. In the southeastern part there are mountains and the hills are more prominent here
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Caribbean Sea)
  • Highest point: 2,005 m (Pico Turquino)
  • Natural resources: Cobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum and arable land
  • Largest city: Havana
  • Capital city: Havana
  • Total area (square kilometers): 109.880,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 106.664,76 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 3.053,18 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 64.010,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 61,67 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 31,23 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 179,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 2,15 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): n/a
  • Population of largest city: n/a
  • Population growth (annual %): n/a
  • Population, total: n/a
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): n/a
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): n/a
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 99,87 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 1,70 (2018)
  • Etniske grupper: 64.1% white, 26.6% mestizos (a mix of indigenous Indians and whites), 9.3% black
  • Sprog: Spanish (the official language)
  • Religioner: 85% Roman Catholics. Also Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jews and Santeria
  • Net immigration: 108,44 (2021)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,44 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 8,92 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): -0,25 (2022)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 14,65 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 605.096,04 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 99,67 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 10,00 (2018)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 6,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 23,00 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 4,00 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): -6.000,00 (2022)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 8,43 (2018)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 1.086.000,00 (2020)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 271.000,00 (2020)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 6,08 (2010)
  • Labor force, total: 73,68 (2021)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 76,36 (2021)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 71,25 (2021)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 1.284,80 (2007)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 17,90 (2020)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): n/a
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 6,01 (2019)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 8,90 (2019)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 5,33 (2017)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.447,67 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 35,66 (2010)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 175,32 (2021)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 77,40 (2022)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 74,09 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,79 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): -0,39 (2022)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 2.145.691,00 (2022)
  • Listed companies, total: 67,78 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 22,60 (2022)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 70,39 (2010)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 5.286.176,00 (2022)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 22,60 (2022)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): -0,87 (2022)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 71,12 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 7,57 (2018)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 11.212.191,00 (2022)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,50 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 5.075,60 (2007)

Facts Cuba's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 1,77 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 9.499,57 (2020)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 101.873.800.000,00 (2019)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): -0,19 (2019)
  • BNI (US$): 23,77 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 24.710.100.000,00 (2020)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 78,61 (2021)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 12,49 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 2,88 (2018)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 1.763.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 16,43 (2020)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): n/a
  • Vareeksport (US$): n/a
  • Vareimport (US$): n/a
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 29,80 (2018)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 19,48 (2018)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 68,31 (2021)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 128.609.126,96 (2018)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 10,73 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 12.020.100.000,00 (2020)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 13,49 (2021)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 88,80 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 76.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): n/a
  • Military Expenditure (US$): n/a

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 12,49 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 8.431.000.000,00 (2021)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): n/a
  • Social contributions (% of income): n/a