Facts about Macedonia

Macedonia ruins

1. Name: Macedonia’s official name is the ‘Republic of Macedonia’ according to its own constitution. However, in international circles, the country is referred to as the ‘Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ (FYROM), as Macedonia has a dispute with Greece over the name Macedonia – read more at the bottom of this article

2. Mother Theresa: Mother Theresa was born in Macedonia’s capital Skopje to Albanian parents in 1910. Today, there is a museum dedicated to her in the center of Skopje

3. Kuklica: About 8 km from the town of Kratovo is the small village of Kuklica, home to about 100 inhabitants. Kuklica is known for its stone pillars that resemble humans and has therefore been nicknamed ‘Stone Town’. New stone pillars emerge every 5-6 years according to the locals

4. Sidewalk: In Macedonia, sidewalks are not used for walking, but for parking

5. Deni: The Macedonian currency is called ‘denarii’ (or ‘Macedonian denarii’) and the smallest unit is 1 – i.e. there are no ears, as we know it from the Nordic crowns. However, they used to exist under the name ‘deni’ but were abolished due to their minimal value and rarity

Fact: Lake Mavrovo is famous for its half-sunken church
Attribution: Rilind Hoxha – Flickr.com

Fact: Lake Mavrovo is a popular tourist attraction best known for its semi-sunken church

 

6. Unemployment: Unemployment is a major problem in Macedonia and has been since the collapse of Yugoslavia in 1991. The youth unemployment rate (among 15-24 year olds) was 53.9% in 2013, while it was 30% for the whole society

7. Kokino: According to NASA, Kokino in Macedonia is the fourth oldest astronomical observatory in the world. The three oldest are: Abu Simbel (Egypt), Stonehenge (UK) and Angkor Wat (Cambodia). Kokino is located 30 km from the city of Kumanovo and about 6 km from the border with Serbia

8. Lake Ohrid: Lake Ohrid was formed 4-5 million years ago and has an average depth of 155 meters, making it one of the oldest and deepest lakes in the world. It has 200 endemic animal species (i.e. species native to the area) and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1979

9. The millennium cross: The Millennium Cross is a 66 meter high cross that stands at the top of Mount Vodno in Skopje. It was erected in 2002 to commemorate the 2000 years of Christianity in Macedonia and the world.

10. Lake Mavrovo: Lake Mavrovo is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Macedonia. It is located at an altitude of 1000 meters and about 100 km from Skopje. In the center of the lake is a semi-submerged church, which contributes to its popularity

Fact: The Macedonian town of Kuklica is known for its stone pillars
Attribution: markoskavesna – Flickr.com

The village of Kuklich is known for its stone pillars that look like people. According to locals, new stone pillars appear every 5-6 years

Geographic facts

  • Location: Southeast Europe. North of Greece
  • Country borders: Albania (151 km), Bulgaria (148 km), Greece (246 km), Kosovo (159 km) and Serbia (62 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Warm, dry summers and autumns. Relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall
  • Landscape: Mountainous landscape covered in deep basins and valleys. There are 3 large lakes, all on the border with neighboring countries. The entire country is bisected by the Vardar River
  • Lowest point: 50 m (Vardar River)
  • Highest point: 2,764 m (Golem Korab)
  • Natural resources: Iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum and timber
  • Largest city: Skopje
  • Capital city: Skopje
  • Total area (square kilometers): 25.710,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 23.681,04 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 701,27 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 12.600,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 49,96 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 39,71 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 4,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 3,28 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 611.107,00 (2023)
  • Population of largest city: -0,36 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): 2.057.679,00 (2022)
  • Population, total: 21,80 (2019)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 83,46 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): n/a
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 40,88 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -1,17 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 64.2% Macedonians, 25.2% Albanians, 3.9% Turks, 2.7% Roma, 1.8% Serbs and 2.2% others
  • Sprog: 66.5% Macedonian (official language), 25.1% Albanian (official language), 3.5% Turkish, 1.9% Roma, 1.2% Serbian and 1.8% other
  • Religioner: 64.7% Macedonian Orthodox, 33.3% Muslims, 0.37% other Christians and 1.63% other and unspecified
  • Net immigration: 3,46 (2020)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,60 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 10,20 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 32,61 (2022)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 15,50 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 72,41 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 74,54 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 504.033,74 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 73,85 (2021)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 128,36 (2021)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 4,80 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 13,90 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): -1.000,00 (2023)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 22,90 (2019)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 1,90 (2019)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 14,43 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 76,77 (2021)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 63,02 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 907.306,00 (2023)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): n/a
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 24,00 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 92,12 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 0,20 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 18,45 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 6,00 (2018)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 26.447.334.166,98 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 3.513,95 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 83,02 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 5,10 (2019)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 4,62 (2019)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 59,12 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,08 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 3,74 (2015)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 4.985,00 (2020)
  • Listed companies, total: 97,60 (2012)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 683,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 118.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 28,38 (2022)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 683,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 25,35 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,28 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 4,60 (2021)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 2,83 (2015)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 81,88 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 135,29 (2022)

Facts Macedonia's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 1,07 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 80,75 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 13.563.132.102,17 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 2,15 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 6.591,47 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 43.837.744.089,72 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 12.965.414.174,24 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 12,83 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 14,20 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 22,95 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 135,29 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 108,88 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 13,10 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 1.776.937.016,04 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 8,21 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 9,16 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 100,68 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 0,00 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 2,19 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 28,88 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 4,63 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 93,24 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 16.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 8.727.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 12.755.000.000,00 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 12,83 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 3.112.671.773,75 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 1,61 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 224.960.256,37 (2022)