Facts about Slovenia

Ljubljana is the caåital of Slovenia

1. Area: Slovenia’s total area is 20,273 km2. Of this, 10,124 km2 is forest and 216 km2 vineyards

2. Independence: Slovenia became an independent country in 1991 when the former Yugoslavia was dissolved

3. Oldest grapevine: In Slovenia’s second largest city, Maribor, grows the world’s oldest grapevine called ‘Žametovka’. Although the vine is more than 400 years old, it still produces red grapes that yield about 25 liters of wine per year. The age of the vine is known thanks to scientific studies from 1972. In addition, there are also several paintings of the vine (at the Štajerska Provincial Museum in the city of Graz), showing the vine in 1657

4. Prison cell: At the ‘Hostel Celica’ hotel in the capital Ljubljana, you can rent your own prison cell! There are 20 of them. Each cell is unique and the individual designs are the result of the work of more than 80 artists

5. The caves in Skocjan: The Skocjan Caves have been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986 and the Slovenian authorities have done much to protect the caves since the breakup of Yugoslavia (in 1991), including establishing a surrounding national park

Fact: Žametovka is both a vine and a grape variety in Slovenia
Attribution: Kay Adams + Rude – Wikipedia.org

Fact: Žametovka is the name of the world’s oldest vine growing in the Slovenian city of Maribor (top), but also the name of a grape variety (bottom)

 

6. The Postonjag caves: The Postonja caves are some of the most visited caves in Europe and, at 20 km, the second largest cave system in Slovenia (only surpassed by the Migovec cave system, which is about 24 km)

7. Lipizzaner: The rare and unique – but very famous – horse breed ‘Lipizzaner’ originates from Slovenia. The Lippizzaner has a special connection to the prestigious Spanish Riding School in Austria, where they are used for local shows as well as on world tours

8. Highest chimney: Europe’s tallest industrial chimney can be found in Slovenia. The chimney sits on a power plant in the town of Trbovlje and is 362 meters high. It was built in 1976 in 210 days and 11,866 cubic meters of concrete and 1,079 tons of iron were used to build it

9. Mountaineers: The first married couple to climb Mount Everest were mountaineers Marija and Andrej Štremfelj in 1990. Another Slovenian, Benka Pulko, holds the record as the woman in the world who has ridden the longest motorcycle (she rode 180,000 km in 2,000 days and crossed all the continents of the world)

10. Early history: The area that Slovenia covers today has been inhabited for the last 250,000 years. The world’s oldest wooden wheel has been found in the marshes around Ljubljana, and the world’s oldest musical instrument may also be from Slovenia (a worked bear bone found in 1995 in a cave near the town of Cerkno)

Fact: Skocjan and Postonja caves are some of the most visited in the world
Attribution: Shadowgate – Flickr.com | Annebethmi – Wikipedia.org

Here you can see the caves in Skocjan (left) and Postonja (right)

Geographic facts

  • Location: The southern part of Central Europe. Between Austria and Croatia
  • Country borders: Austria (330 km), Croatia (455 km), Hungary (102 km) and Italy (199 km)
  • Coastline: 46.6 km
  • Climate: Mediterranean climate on the coast. Continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the highlands and valleys in the east
  • Landscape: A short strip of coastline on the Adriatic Sea, an alpine mountain region next to Austria and Italy, and a mix of mountains and valleys with several rivers in the east
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Adriatic Sea)
  • Highest point: 2,864 m (Triglav)
  • Natural resources: Lignite, lead, zinc, building blocks and hydropower
  • Largest city: Ljubljana
  • Capital city: Ljubljana
  • Total area (square kilometers): 20.480,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 19.401,47 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 804,81 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 6.109,60 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 30,34 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 61,37 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 7,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 5,93 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 104,69 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 0,19 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): 2.111.986,00 (2022)
  • Population, total: 12,70 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 0,77 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 86,03 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 44,25 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -0,54 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 83.1% Slovenes, 2% Serbs, 1.8% Croats, 1.1% Bosnians and 12% other or unspecified
  • Sprog: 91.1% Slovenian (official language), 4.5% Serbo-Croatian, 4.4% other or unspecified. In addition, there are municipalities where Italian or Hungarian are official languages, as they are inhabited by these population groups
  • Religioner: 57.8% Catholic, 2.4% Muslim, 2.3% Orthodox, 0.9% other Christian, 26.5% other or unspecified, 10.1% none
  • Net immigration: 2.000,00 (2023)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,55 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 8,30 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 10,98 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 10,60 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 84,10 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 78,60 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 81,28 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 5,10 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 38,48 (2019)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 87,42 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 8,30 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 1,90 (2022)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 20,70 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 4,20 (2021)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 3,70 (2023)
  • Labor force, total: 1.050.575,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 31,72 (2023)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 66,19 (2023)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 0,10 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 7,00 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 100,64 (2022)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 55,75 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 8,23 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 99,60 (2001)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 51.883.092.349,17 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 6.728,00 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 88,91 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 126,18 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 22,00 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 9,90 (2023)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 3,24 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 3.265,00 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 2,42 (2020)
  • Listed companies, total: 24,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 1.209,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 1.216.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 1.892.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 1.209,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 542,00 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,43 (2018)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 31,40 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 10,54 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3,28 (2020)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 123,11 (2022)

Facts Slovenia's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 76,52 (2019)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 60.063.475.466,34 (2022)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 2,46 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 28.439,33 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 108.306.565.115,68 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 58.905.498.955,81 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 1,77 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 14,01 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 18,20 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 16.900.404.972,65 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 123,11 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 41,89 (2021)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 69.701.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 69.738.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 3,76 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 5,69 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 94,00 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 101,54 (2022)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 23,47 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 28,14 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 19,87 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 11.934.828.885,99 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 7.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 1,19 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 735.188.940,40 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 14,01 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 8,83 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 0,16 (2017)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 26,45 (2002)