Facts about Algeria

The flag of Algeria

1. Residential: The Sahara Desert covers more than 80% of Algeria. More than 90% of the country’s population live on around 12% of the country’s land area on the Mediterranean coast. The remaining 10% live inland – typically concentrated in oases surrounded by desert

2. Size: Algeria is today the largest country in Africa. Before July 9, 2011, when South Sudan became independent and took the title of the world’s newest country, Sudan was the largest country in Africa. Algeria is also the 10th largest country in the world

3. Heat record: The highest ever recorded temperature in Algeria is 51 degrees, which was measured in August 2011

4. Settlers: Since antiquity, Algeria has attracted settlers – Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Turks – and in the 19th century, French farmers. The French reorganized Algeria without regard for the local Arabs and Berbers, leading to the Algiers War

5. The Algiers Wars: During the Algiers War (1954 – 1962), Algeria won its independence from colonial power France, which had ruled the country since 1830. Although the exact death toll is disputed, it is estimated that the Algiers War cost around 1.5 million lives in total. After the war, around 1 million French people (the so-called ‘pieds-noirs’) emigrated

Fact: Algeria has attracted many different settlers throughout history
Attribution: rapidtravelchai + Sapphira – Flickr.com

Fact: Algeria has long been attractive to various settlers – including Phoenicians, Romans, Arabs, Turks and French. Pictured are Roman ruins in Algeria

 

6. OL: Algeria has participated in every Summer Olympics since 1964 and has won 5 gold medals (4 x 1500 meters running and 1 x boxing)

7. Nobel Prizes: 2 Algerians have won Nobel Prizes over the years: Albert Camus (literature in 1957) and Claude Cohen-Tannoudji (physics in 1997)

8. Donkey in the Supreme Court: In 2007, an Algerian court had to refer a case about the ownership of a donkey to the Supreme Court; two men in an Algerian market were haggling over the price of a donkey. As the negotiation dragged on, they didn’t notice that the donkey was eating the money the buyer had brought. This made the two men wonder who the donkey belonged to. Since the case could not be decided by the district court, it was forwarded to the Supreme Court

9. Famous Algerians: Famous Algerians include footballer Zinedine Zidane and writer Albert Camus. World-famous designer Yves Saint Laurent was also born in Algeria, but to French parents. Further back in history (in late antiquity), Augustine of Hippo was the most famous theologian of his time. Augustine was born in the Roman city of Tagaste, which is the present-day Souk Ahras in Algeria

10. Export: Petroleum and natural gas have long been the backbone of Algeria’s economy. 95% of the country’s exports today are in these areas. Algeria has the world’s 16th largest oil reserves and 16th largest natural gas reserves

Fact: More than 4/5 of Algeria is covered in desert
Attribution: Daggett.fr + Magharebia + Patrick Hamilton – Flickr.com

More than 80% of Algeria is covered in desert, but only around 10% of the population lives here – the remaining 90% live on the Mediterranean coast

Geographic facts

  • Location: North Africa. Between Morocco and Tunisia with coastline towards the Mediterranean Sea
  • Country borders: Libya (982 km), Mali (1,376 km), Mauritania (463 km), Morocco (1,559 km), Niger (956 km) and Western Sahara (42 km)
  • Coastline: 998 km
  • Climate: Arid to semi-arid. Mild, wet winters and hot, dry summers along the coast. Cold winters and hot summers and generally drier in the highlands. Sirocco is a sand/dust-filled wind that is especially common in summer
  • Landscape: Mainly highlands and desert. A few mountains. Narrow, disconnected coastal plains
  • Lowest point: -40 m (Chott Melrhir)
  • Highest point: 3,003 m (Tahat)
  • Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead and zinc
  • Largest city: Algier
  • Capital city: Algier
  • Total area (square kilometers): 2.381.741,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 2.305.478,23 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 9.357,10 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 413.160,71 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 17,35 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 0,82 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 22,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 3,72 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 18,55 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 2.901.810,00 (2023)
  • Population growth (annual %): 1,55 (2023)
  • Population, total: 45.606.480,00 (2023)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 2,22 (2023)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 68,98 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 24,73 (2023)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -0,43 (2023)
  • Etniske grupper: 99% Arab-Berber and less than 1% European
  • Sprog: Arabic (the official language), French (lingua franca) and Berber dialects (Tamazight, Tachawit and Tamahaq)
  • Religioner: 99% Sunni Muslims (the state religion), 1% Christians and Jews
  • Net immigration: -9.999,00 (2023)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 2,83 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 20,57 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 0,61 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 4,33 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 78,46 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 75,85 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 77,13 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 20,90 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 63,71 (2022)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 91,60 (2022)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 1,80 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 18,70 (2022)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 22,90 (2011)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 4,00 (2011)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 10,20 (2016)
  • Labor force, total: 13.425.064,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 48,49 (2017)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 41,70 (2017)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 5,50 (2011)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 19,40 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 108,76 (2023)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 75,27 (2023)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 20,95 (2017)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 81,41 (2018)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 321.032.211.187,16 (2023)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.368,62 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 70,77 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 109,17 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 21,00 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 25,72 (2016)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 3,94 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 17.867,00 (2022)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 0,63 (2022)
  • Listed companies, total: 228.357,55 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 4.000,50 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 591.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 1.386.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 4.000,50 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 348,00 (2020)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,90 (2015)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 3,10 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,56 (2018)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 1,73 (2018)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 198,55 (2023)

Facts Algeria's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 1,75 (2023)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 48,60 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 239.899.491.127,74 (2023)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 4,10 (2023)
  • BNI (US$): 5.260,21 (2023)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 776.539.787.081,93 (2023)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 236.495.559.912,57 (2023)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 8,82 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 9,32 (2023)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 38,00 (2023)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 198,55 (2023)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 4,79 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 7,78 (2023)
  • Vareimport (US$): 18.652.524.971,62 (2023)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 1,00 (2017)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 20,23 (2017)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 111,22 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 31,10 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 5,27 (2023)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 41,23 (2023)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 8,00 (2023)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 98,11 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 326.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 51.799.000.000,00 (2023)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 41.849.000.000,00 (2023)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 8,82 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 91.158.349.032,41 (2023)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 4,78 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 9.145.810.174,21 (2022)