Facts about Moldova and Moldavia

Chisinau is the capital of Moldova

1. Moldova vs Moldavia: The Republic of Moldova became an independent state in 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Moldova is a land territory – which includes present-day Moldova – and has existed since 1359. The difference between the two is further elaborated later in this article

2. Name: The name ‘Moldova’ comes from the Moldova River, located in a valley that was the political center when Moldova was founded in 1359. The origin of the river’s name is unclear

3. Stephen the Great: Moldova’s most victorious ruler was Prince Stephen the Great (1457 – 1504), who won 46 out of 48 battles for Moldova against invading forces from Hungary, Poland and the Ottoman Empire, among others

4. Alcohol: The population of Moldova has the highest alcohol consumption in the world (approx. 18 liters of pure alcohol per capita per year)

5. Wine: Moldova has a long and rich tradition of wine production. Archaeologists have been able to establish with certainty that wine has been cultivated in the area since 2,800 BC. – that’s almost 5,000 years! Worldwide, Moldova is the 21st largest wine producer. There is also a tradition of individual families producing their own wine and the recipes are passed down from generation to generation

Fact: Stephen the Great is considered the founder of Moldavia
Attribution: Bogdan – Wikipedia.org

Fact: Moldova was founded by Stephen the Great in 1359. The name ‘Moldova’ has existed since then, but the Republic of Moldova was only formed in 1991

 

6. Largest wine cellar: Milestii Mici is the name of a Moldovan municipality as well as the world’s largest wine cellar. The wine cellar’s corridors are 200 km long, although only about 55 km are in use. The cellar contains around 2 million bottles of wine, which is also a world record

7. Largest bottle-shaped building: The ‘Strong Drinks Museum’ in the village of Tirnauca is the largest bottle-shaped building in the world at 28 meters high

8. Flag: Moldova’s flag is one of the few in the world whose obverse and reverse are not identical. The difference between the two sides is that the emblem – Moldova’s coat of arms – is reversed on the reverse

9. Transnistria and Gagauzia: The Moldovan territories of Transnistria and Gagauzia gained independent status on September 23, 1994, in an attempt to ease ethnic tensions in the country. At the same time, all plans to form a union with Romania were abandoned.

10. Custom: It is tradition and custom to take off your shoes before entering a Moldovan home

 

Fact: Wine is very important in Moldova - and wine has been produced in Moldova for around 5000 years
Attribution: vonlohmann – Flickr.com | Post of Moldova – Wikipedia.org

Wine is important in Moldova! At the top are two pictures from the Moldovan wine cellar Milestii Mici, the largest in the world. At the bottom is a stamp celebrating the national wine day.

Geographic facts

  • Location: Østeuropa. Nord for Rumænien
  • Country borders: Romania (450 km) and Ukraine (940 km)
  • Coastline: 0 km (inland state)
  • Climate: Moderate winters. Warm summers
  • Landscape: Undulating steppes. The landscape is generally crossed by a number of rivers and streams. Water drains in the south of the country towards the Black Sea lowlands
  • Lowest point: 2 m (Dniester)
  • Highest point: 430 m (Dealul Balanesti)
  • Natural resources: Lignite, phosphorite, gypsum and bryozoan lime
  • Largest city: Chișinău
  • Capital city: Chișinău
  • Total area (square kilometers): 33.850,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 31.803,71 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 1.576,10 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 22.750,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 69,00 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 11,72 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 2,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 3,27 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 90,11 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 487.707,00 (2023)
  • Population growth (annual %): -2,07 (2023)
  • Population, total: 2.486.891,00 (2023)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 43,37 (2023)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): -1,61 (2023)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 56,63 (2023)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): -2,42 (2023)
  • Etniske grupper: 78.2% Moldovans/Romanians, 8.4% Ukrainians, 5.8% Russians, 4.4% Gagauz
  • Sprog: Moldavian (the official language - basically the same as Romanian), Russian and Gagauzian (a Turkish dialect)
  • Religioner: 98% Eastern Orthodox, 1.5% Jews, 0.5% Baptists and others
  • Net immigration: -125.204,00 (2023)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,80 (2022)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 12,15 (2022)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 6,10 (2005)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 16,61 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 73,32 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 64,22 (2022)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 68,62 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 7,30 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 117,04 (2022)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 304,75 (2022)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 4,10 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 12,20 (2022)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): 40,87 (2022)
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 22,10 (2021)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 4,30 (2021)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 1,55 (2023)
  • Labor force, total: 1.464.169,00 (2023)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 66,32 (2023)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 72,68 (2023)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 31,10 (2022)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 23,50 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 106,54 (2022)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 4,08 (2023)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 13,31 (2023)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 99,60 (2021)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 31.151.288.871,20 (2023)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 1.725,09 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 61,29 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 127,42 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 29,00 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 11,36 (2019)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 0,27 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 5.437,00 (2022)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 3,10 (2022)
  • Listed companies, total: 364.073,90 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 1.149,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 29.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 75.000,00 (2020)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 1.149,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 23,30 (2021)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 5,66 (2014)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 26,10 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 6,12 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,06 (2020)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 264,66 (2023)

Facts Moldova and Moldavia's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 6,97 (2023)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 74,39 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 16.539.436.547,30 (2023)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 0,78 (2023)
  • BNI (US$): 6.650,65 (2023)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 43.233.050.427,41 (2023)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 16.749.246.544,51 (2023)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 14,62 (2021)
  • Lending rate (%): 13,42 (2023)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 17,44 (2023)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 264,66 (2023)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 348,38 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 8,22 (2023)
  • Vareimport (US$): 1.359.311.752,77 (2023)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 57,37 (2023)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 14,10 (2023)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 89,67 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 29,90 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 1,67 (2023)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 8,94 (2023)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 12,33 (2023)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 76,21 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 6.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 4.049.000.000,00 (2023)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 8.674.000.000,00 (2023)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 14,62 (2021)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 2.884.541.090,96 (2023)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 0,32 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 47.749.815,11 (2022)