Facts about Germany

Facts about Germany
  1. Prostitution: Not only is prostitution legal in Germany, but there is actually an option to have the state pay for you to visit a prostitute. If you are disabled, the German state will pay for your visit to a prostitute.
  2. Permission: Prostitution is allowed, but Germans are a regular people, so it’s not something that goes unchecked. Therefore, prostitutes must obtain a work permit to perform their services in vending machines on the streets of the country.
  3. The middle finger: Showing the infamous middle finger in a negative salute is illegal in Germany. Even if you’re seen doing it in your car, you can be tracked down and receive a letter from the police – along with a fine.
  4. Thumb: While we’re on the subject of fingers, we might as well include the thumb. What does it mean if you turn it upwards on a bar? That everything is okay? The waiter will think you’re ordering a unit of something. In Germany, you use your thumb and not your index finger to indicate that you want to order an item.
  5. Oktoberfest: Germany is best known for their big Oktoberfest, which is famous for copious amounts of beer, socializing and plenty of rides and fun. But Oktoberfest is actually a tribute to a wedding celebration that took place in 1810, which is then celebrated again every year. Talk about the party that never ended.
  6. Crime: Germany is trying to come to terms with its bloody past, especially during World War II. Therefore, among other things, it is a criminal offense to deny the Holocaust, and you are not allowed to decorate or otherwise display a swastika.
  7. Castles: There are an incredible number of castles in Germany. In fact, there are over 20,000 in many different styles. One of these castles actually inspired Disney to create its well-known logo with the arch over a castle.
  8. Boundaries: Germany borders quite a few countries. Nine countries, to be precise. In addition to Denmark of course, these countries include: France, Switzerland, Belgium, Luxembourg, Austria, Czech Republic, Poland and the Netherlands.
  9. Capital city: Most people can probably figure out that the capital of Germany is Berlin, but did you know that the country has had other capitals throughout history? Former capitals include Aachen, Nuremberg, Frankfurt, Regensburg, Bonn and Weimar.
  10. German: In several other countries, German is actually the official language. These countries include Austria, Switzerland and Lichtenstein. And if you think it’s something special that we teach German in Danish primary schools, German is actually the third most taught language in the world.
Oktoberfest in Germany
Attribution: Markburger83 – wikipedia.org

Fact: The windmill was invented in the Netherlands in the 1500s. Pictured is a wind turbine in the Netherlands.

Geographic facts

  • Location: Central Europe; bordering the Baltic and North Sea, between the Netherlands and Poland, south of Denmark
  • Country borders: Austria 801 km, Belgium 133 km, Czech Republic 704 km, Denmark 140 km, France 418 km, Luxembourg 128 km, Netherlands 575 km, Poland 467 km, Switzerland 348 km
  • Coastline: 2,389 km
  • Climate: temperate and oceanic climate; cool, cloudy, wet winters and summers; occasional warm mountain winds (föhnwind)
  • Landscape: lowlands in the north, highlands in the center, Bavarian Alps in the south
  • Lowest point: Neuendorf bei Wilster: -3.5 m
  • Highest point: Zugspitze: 2,963 m
  • Natural resources: Coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, building materials, wood, arable land
  • Largest city: Berlin
  • Capital city: Berlin
  • Total area (square kilometers): 357.590,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 316.383,48 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 36.996,44 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 165.910,00 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 47,49 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 32,68 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 36,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 7,26 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 3.570.750,00 (2022)
  • Population of largest city: 0,72 (2022)
  • Population growth (annual %): 83.797.985,00 (2022)
  • Population, total: 14,70 (2021)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 0,85 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 91,25 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 22,35 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 0,26 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 87.2% German, 1.8% Turkish, 1% Polish, 1% Syrian, 9% others
  • Sprog: Tysk
  • Religioner: 27.7% Roman Catholics, 25.5% Protestants, 5.1% Muslims, 1.9% Orthodox, 1.1% other Christians, 0.9% other, 37.8% none
  • Net immigration: 1,36 (2020)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 1,58 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 9,60 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 12,22 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 12,30 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 83,38 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 78,54 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 80,90 (2021)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 46,20 (2020)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 85,01 (2020)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 6,20 (2019)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 18,60 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 154.592,00 (2022)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): n/a
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 25,20 (2019)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 3,10 (2019)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 3,14 (2022)
  • Labor force, total: 44.198.105,00 (2022)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 45,07 (2022)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 63,27 (2022)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 0,10 (2020)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 3,80 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 101,35 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 77,65 (2022)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 6,77 (2022)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 5,00 (2018)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 2.548.902.874.200,45 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 7.035,48 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 91,63 (2022)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 3,80 (2019)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 22,00 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 5,95 (2022)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 4,14 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 12,35 (2020)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 72.774,00 (2020)
  • Listed companies, total: 429,00 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 33.401,00 (2021)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 12.449.000,00 (2020)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 99.533.000,00 (2019)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 33.401,00 (2021)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 58.822,00 (2020)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 8,00 (2017)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 3,00 (2021)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 4,52 (2021)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 238,12 (2021)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 124,49 (2022)

Facts Germany's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 79,71 (2019)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 4.082.469.490.797,68 (2022)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 1,81 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 48.717,99 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 5.323.007.172.750,14 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 4.241.258.694.941,65 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 1,76 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 19,78 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 21,50 (2019)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 1.098.273.917.994,17 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 124,49 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 99,88 (2022)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 1.657.577.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 1.570.752.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 5,67 (2022)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 7,38 (2022)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 94,47 (2021)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 97,05 (2021)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 29,11 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 26,90 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 18,44 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 752.742.333.607,01 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 183.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 1,39 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 55.759.747.827,04 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 19,78 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 6,87 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 0,67 (2017)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 56,33 (2021)