Facts about Ghana

Facts about Ghana

1. Residential: Ghana’s population lives primarily along the coast and in the two largest cities of Accra (the capital) and Kumasi

2. Weather and climate: The climate in Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary according to season and altitude. There are 2 rainy seasons; April to July and September to November. However, this does not apply in the northern part of the country, where there is only one rainy season, which starts in April and ends in September. In most parts of the country, temperatures are highest in March and lowest in August

3. Women: Ghanaian women aren’t afraid to show off their curves; whether they are thin, fat or heavily built, they always wear tight clothes for festive occasions

4. Harmattan: Another special weather phenomenon in Ghana is the Harmattan dry desert wind. It blows from December to March and lowers humidity, resulting in hot days and cool nights in the north. In the south, the effect of the wind is felt in January

5. Cocoa: Ghana is the world’s 3rd largest producer of cocoa beans, accounting for approximately 20% of world production. Other important agricultural products in the country include rice, peanuts, maize, bananas and cassava (manioc)

Fact: The largest dammed lake in the world is Lake Volta in Ghana
Attribution: SandisterTei – Wikipedia.org | noramorgan – Flickr.com

Fact: Lake Volta in Ghana is the world’s largest artificial lake. It was formed by damming the Volta River in 1965

 

6. Lake Volta: By area, Lake Volta in Ghana is the world’s largest artificial lake. By volume, the lake is the fourth largest in the world. The lake was formed when the Volta River was dammed at the Akosombo Dam in 1965

7. Languages: English is the official language of Ghana and the lingua franca of the country. Around 90% of the population speaks English. In addition, there are the African languages, which consist of more than 70 different dialects, as there are more than 70 different tribes in the country. 11 of the country’s languages are state-supported, which means that various reading materials are published in these languages. The 11 languages are all Niger-Kordofan languages and the entire population speaks at least one language from this language family

8. Neighboring countries: Although Ghana is an English-speaking country, all of its neighboring countries – Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso and Togo – are French-speaking countries. For Ghanaians, French is therefore the second most important European language (after English)

9. The Gold Coast: The area that corresponds to modern-day Ghana was originally inhabited exclusively by Africans, but in the late 15th century Portuguese traders came to the area. They established the Portuguese Gold Coast and shortly after, the Dutch arrived and established the Dutch Gold Coast. In the mid 1700s, the Swedes (the Swedish Gold Coast) and the Danes (the Danish Gold Coast or Danish Guinea) also arrived. Later, the British and Germans followed. The British fought the local Ashanti king for about 100 years in total and eventually became the largest power in the country. In 1901, the British Gold Coast became the country’s official name

10. Ghana’s education: The Gold Coast gained its independence on March 6, 1957 under Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah and immediately changed its name to Ghana. Nkrumah became Ghana’s first president in 1960. He held the presidency until 1966, when he was ousted in a military coup. From then until the 1990s, the country was characterized by instability and several coups, but since the mid-1990s there has been some political calm in Ghana

Fact: Fort Christiansborg and Elmina Castle are two relics from the Danish Gold Coast and Portuguese Gold Coast respectively
Attribution: The Dilly Lama + Francisco Anzola + Maarten van der Bent – Flickr.com

Fort Christiansborg (top) was one of two Danish forts on the Danish Gold Coast. Elmina Castle (bottom) was one of several Portuguese forts on the Portuguese Gold Coast. Fort Christiansborg was sold to the British when slavery was abolished. Today, the fort is called ‘Osu Castle’ and is the seat of the Ghanaian government

Geographic facts

  • Location: West Africa. Between Ivory Coast and Togo with coastline towards the Gulf of Guinea
  • Country borders: Burkina Faso (549 km), Ivory Coast (668 km) and Togo (887 km)
  • Coastline: 539 km
  • Climate: Tropical. Warm and relatively dry along the southeast coast. Warm and humid in the southwest. Hot and dry in the north
  • Landscape: Mainly low-lying, grassy plains with scrub or forests. The landscape is intersected by a plateau in the south-central part of the country
  • Lowest point: 0 m (Atlantic Ocean)
  • Highest point: 885 m (Mount Afadjato)
  • Natural resources: Gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt and bryozoan limestone
  • Largest city: Accra
  • Capital city: Accra
  • Total area (square kilometers): 238.530,00 (2021)
  • Land areas (km2): 227.830,30 (2015)
  • Urban areas (km2): 5.559,55 (2015)
  • Agricultural land (km2): 126.037,40 (2021)
  • Agricultural area (% of total area): 55,39 (2021)
  • Forest area (% of land area): 35,13 (2021)
  • Plant species (higher), endangered: 119,00 (2018)
  • CO2 emissions (metric tons per capita): 0,60 (2020)

Demographic facts

Population

  • Population density (people per km2 total area): 144,30 (2021)
  • Population of largest city: 3.768.239,00 (2023)
  • Population growth (annual %): 1,94 (2022)
  • Population, total: 33.475.870,00 (2022)
  • Population growth in urban areas (annual %): 58,62 (2022)
  • Population in urban areas (% of total population): 3,02 (2022)
  • Population in rural areas (% of total population): 41,39 (2022)
  • Population growth in rural areas (annual %): 0,43 (2022)
  • Etniske grupper: 47.5% akan, 16.6% mole-dagbon, 13.9% ewe, 7.4% ga-dangme, 5.7% gurma, 3.7% guan, 2.5% grusi, 1.1% mande-busanga and 1.6% other
  • Sprog: Asante 14.8%, ewe 12.7%, fante 9.9%, boron (brong) 4.6%, dagomba 4.3%, dangme 4.3%, dagarte (dagaba) 3.7%, akyem 3.4%, ga 3.4%, akuapem 2.9%, other (includes official language English) 36.1%
  • Religioner: 71.2% Christian (28.3% Pentecostal/Charismatic Christian, 18.4% Protestant, 13.1% Catholic, 11.4% other), 17.4% Muslim, 5.2% traditional religions, 0.8% other, 5.2% none
  • Net immigration: -9.999,00 (2023)

Birth and death rates

  • Fertility rate, total (births per woman): 3,56 (2021)
  • Birth rate, gross (per 1,000 inhabitants): 27,55 (2021)
  • Teenage mothers (% of women aged 15-19 who have had children or are pregnant): 16,10 (2019)
  • Death rate, gross (per 1,000 people): 7,63 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, women (years): 61,63 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, men (years): 63,80 (2021)
  • Life expectancy at birth, all (years): 30,00 (2022)
  • Mortality caused by traffic accidents (per 100,000 inhabitants): 25,70 (2019)
  • Mortality, women (per 1,000 adult women): 216,84 (2021)
  • Mortality, male (per 1,000 adult males): 287,94 (2021)
  • Suicide rate, women (per 100,000 women): 1,20 (2019)
  • Mortality, infant (per 1,000 live births): 32,60 (2021)

Work, income and education

  • Wage earners, total (% of total labor force): 24,89 (2022)
  • Income share of the highest 10%: 32,20 (2016)
  • Income share of the lowest 10%: 1,60 (2016)
  • Unemployment, total (% of total labor force): 3,37 (2017)
  • Labor force, total: 66,01 (2021)
  • Workforce with basic education (% of the workforce): 61,51 (2017)
  • Labor force with medium education (% of labor force): 14.887.115,00 (2023)
  • Number of poor cf. national poverty limits (% of the population): 23,40 (2016)
  • Proportion of the population with moderate or severe food insecurity (%): 39,40 (2021)
  • School enrolments, primary school (gross %): 97,90 (2021)
  • Youth unemployment, all young people (% of total labor force aged 15 - 24): 6,23 (2017)
  • Young people not in education, employment or training, total (% of all young people): 23,00 (2017)
  • Literacy/literacy, total adults (% of population over 15): 80,38 (2020)

    Spending

  • Household (and NPIS) consumption expenditure (US$): 176.808.780.507,56 (2022)
  • Electricity consumption (kWh per inhabitant): 339,19 (2014)
  • Inhabitants using the Internet (% of the population): 68,20 (2021)
  • Mobile subscriptions (per 100 people): 119,62 (2022)
  • Number of smokers, total (over 15 years): 3,50 (2020)
  • Alcohol consumption per capita (litres of pure alcohol, expected estimates, +15 years): 4,55 (2019)

Business and tourism

  • Employers, total (% of total labor force): 5,57 (2022)
  • New companies (number of registrations): 13.154,00 (2012)
  • New businesses (new registrations per 1,000 inhabitants aged 15 - 64): 0,87 (2012)
  • Listed companies, total: 260.628,58 (2022)
  • Business conditions (0 = lowest grade to 100 = highest grade): 953,00 (2006)
  • International tourism, number of arrivals: 897.000,00 (2015)
  • International tourism, number of departures: 76,03 (2017)
  • Railway lines (total route kilometers): 953,00 (2006)
  • Railways, number of passengers transported (million passenger-kilometres): 85,00 (2006)

Health

  • Hospital beds (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,90 (2011)
  • Suicide rate, men (per 100,000 men): 11,80 (2019)
  • Nurses and midwives (per 1,000 inhabitants): 3,50 (2020)
  • Doctors (per 1,000 inhabitants): 0,16 (2020)
  • Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population aged 15 - 49): 441,67 (2022)

Facts Ghana's economy

GDP and GNI

  • BNP (US$): 12,05 (2022)
  • GDP growth (annual %): 59,96 (2019)
  • GDP per capita (US$): 73.766.052.451,53 (2022)
  • GDP, KPP (US$): 3,08 (2022)
  • BNI (US$): 2.203,56 (2022)
  • GNI growth (annual %): 216.692.314.172,07 (2022)
  • Gross savings (% of GDP): 72.989.253.312,22 (2022)

Inflation, interest rates and consumer prices

  • Deposit rate (%): 6,85 (2020)
  • Lending rate (%): 31,26 (2022)
  • Inflation, consumer prices (annual %): 31,99 (2022)
  • Consumer Price Index (2010 = 100): 441,67 (2022)

Trade and production

  • Trade (% of GDP): 0,61 (2011)
  • Vareeksport (US$): 8.528.725.569,36 (2022)
  • Vareimport (US$): 17.494.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Food exports (% of merchandise exports): 21,98 (2019)
  • Food imports (% of goods imports): 17,41 (2019)
  • Food Production Index (2004 - 2006 = 100): 135,50 (2022)
  • Index of animal production (2004 - 2006 = 100): 14,70 (2019)

Industry

  • Industry (including construction), value added (% of GDP): 5,16 (2022)
  • Industry (including construction), value added (US$): 19,24 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (% of GDP): 119,16 (2022)
  • Industry, value added (US$): 11,56 (2022)

Military

  • Armed forces, total: 16.000,00 (2020)
  • Military expenditure (% of GDP): 14.621.000.000,00 (2022)
  • Military Expenditure (US$): 0,35 (2022)

Others

  • Current health expenditure (% of GDP): 6,85 (2020)
  • Labor tax and contribution (% of company profit): 23.599.639.354,96 (2022)
  • Development Assistance (ODA) received per capita (US$): 229.278.866,21 (2022)
  • Social contributions (% of income): 31,24 (2022)